Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 2038994
Sist endret: 6. januar 2020, 13:04

Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 2038994
Sist endret: 6. januar 2020, 13:04
Prosjekt

To what extent is use of social media related to online prosocial behaviors among adolescents? A systematic review.

prosjektleder

Jens Christoffer Skogen
ved Avdeling for helsefremmende arbeid ved Folkehelseinstituttet

prosjekteier / koordinerende forskningsansvarlig enhet

  • Folkehelseinstituttet

Klassifisering

Vitenskapsdisipliner

Psykologi

Emneord

Sosiale medier • Atferd mennesker • Pro-sosial atferd

HRCS-forskningsaktivitet

  • 1.2 Psykologiske og sosioøkonomiske prosesser

Kategorier

Prosjektkategori

  • Internt prosjekt

Kontaktinformasjon

Sted
Jens Christoffer Skogen

Tidsramme

Avsluttet
Start: 1. desember 2019 Slutt: 31. mai 2021

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

To what extent is use of social media related to online prosocial behaviors among adolescents? A systematic review.

Populærvitenskapelig sammendrag

Vi ønsker å undersøke evidensgrunnlaget for sammenhengen mellom bruk av sosiale medier og online pro-sosial atferd blant ungdom. Dette vil bli gjort gjennom en systematisk kunnskapsoppsummering.

 

Adolescents today are avid users of social media. According to the 2015 Pew Research Center Report, 92% of teenagers report going online daily and 24% say they go online almost constantly. Furthermore, 76% of these teenagers report they used social media (Lenhart et al., 2015). Youths therefore spend a lot of their time on and do their social activities through social media. The effects of adolescents` social media use is a fairly new area of research. Studies have suggested associations between the use of social media (as independent variable) and symptoms of depression (Baker & Algorta, 2016), anxiety (Keles, McCrae, & Grealish, 2019), addictive behavior (Andreassen, 2015), sleep (sleep onset latency, sleep duration and sleep quality) (Garett, Liu, & Young, 2018; Kaimal, Sajja, & Sasangohar, 2017; Levenson, Shensa, Sidani, Colditz, & Primack, 2016), alcohol consumption (Boyle, LaBrie, Froidevaux, & Witkovic, 2016), isolation (Primack et al., 2017) and antisocial behavior (e.g. cyberbullying) (Hamm et al., 2015).  Thus, much previous research has focused on the negative effects of social media use. Less attention has been directed at the positive behavior being carried out on social media, as well as the possible positive effects of social media.

There is evidence to suggest that adolescent online prosocial behavior is more prevalent than online antisocial behavior (Erreygers, Vandebosch, Vranjes, Baillien, & De Witte, 2016). The relationship between social media use and prosocial behavior is not clearly established, and as of now, to my knowledge, no review or summary regarding this relationship is to be found in the literature. 

Online prosocial behavior is not well understood, but research on offline prosocial behavior has established a clear positive association with well-being and happiness (Aknin, Whillans, Dunn, & Norton, 2019). Researchers suggest a positive feedback loop, as more feelings of well-being and happiness increase prosocial behavior. Some recent studies indicate that this relationship also pertains to online prosocial behavior (Erreygers, Vandebosch, Vranjes, Baillien, & De Witte, 2019). A review of the literature on the relationship between social media use and online prosocial behavior therefore seems necessary, as that potential relationship might shed light on the potential benefits of adolescents` social media use. The aim of the present study is to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the relationship between social media use and online prosocial behavior in adolescence (and to identify possible influencing factors).

Type of studies: quantitative, non-experimental.

Age group: 13-19 years.

Date of publication limit: 2014 – (last five years).

Vitenskapelig sammendrag

Adolescents today are avid users of social media. According to the 2015 Pew Research Center Report, 92% of teenagers report going online daily and 24% say they go online almost constantly. Furthermore, 76% of these teenagers report they used social media (Lenhart et al., 2015). Youths therefore spend a lot of their time on and do their social activities through social media. The effects of adolescents` social media use is a fairly new area of research. Studies have suggested associations between the use of social media (as independent variable) and symptoms of depression (Baker & Algorta, 2016), anxiety (Keles, McCrae, & Grealish, 2019), addictive behavior (Andreassen, 2015), sleep (sleep onset latency, sleep duration and sleep quality) (Garett, Liu, & Young, 2018; Kaimal, Sajja, & Sasangohar, 2017; Levenson, Shensa, Sidani, Colditz, & Primack, 2016), alcohol consumption (Boyle, LaBrie, Froidevaux, & Witkovic, 2016), isolation (Primack et al., 2017) and antisocial behavior (e.g. cyberbullying) (Hamm et al., 2015).  Thus, much previous research has focused on the negative effects of social media use. Less attention has been directed at the positive behavior being carried out on social media, as well as the possible positive effects of social media.

There is evidence to suggest that adolescent online prosocial behavior is more prevalent than online antisocial behavior (Erreygers, Vandebosch, Vranjes, Baillien, & De Witte, 2016). The relationship between social media use and prosocial behavior is not clearly established, and as of now, to my knowledge, no review or summary regarding this relationship is to be found in the literature. 

Online prosocial behavior is not well understood, but research on offline prosocial behavior has established a clear positive association with well-being and happiness (Aknin, Whillans, Dunn, & Norton, 2019). Researchers suggest a positive feedback loop, as more feelings of well-being and happiness increase prosocial behavior. Some recent studies indicate that this relationship also pertains to online prosocial behavior (Erreygers, Vandebosch, Vranjes, Baillien, & De Witte, 2019). A review of the literature on the relationship between social media use and online prosocial behavior therefore seems necessary, as that potential relationship might shed light on the potential benefits of adolescents` social media use. The aim of the present study is to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the relationship between social media use and online prosocial behavior in adolescence (and to identify possible influencing factors).

Type of studies: quantitative, non-experimental.

Age group: 13-19 years.

Date of publication limit: 2014 – (last five years).

Metode

Systematic Review.

Participants/population

Inclusion criteria: Adolescents: 13-19 years. Male and female. All nationalities.

Exclusion criteria: children (<13 years) and adults (>19 years).

Adolescent behaviors on social media. Adolescents use social media more than any other age group. Use of social media has been associated with antisocial behaviors such as cyberbullying, and with negative outcomes such as sleep problems, symptoms of depression and anxiety, alcohol use, self-esteem and isolation. Less attention has been directed at the positive behavior being carried out on social media, as well as the possible positive effects of social media. Studies have in fact indicated that adolescent online prosocial behavior is more prevalent than online antisocial behavior. The relationship between social media use and prosocial behavior is not clearly established, and as of now, to my knowledge (based on preliminary searches), no review or summary regarding this relationship is to be found in the literature. 

 

Inclusion criteria: Adolescents: 13-19 years. Male and female. All nationalities.

Exclusion criteria: children (<13 years) and adults (>19 years).

Association – quantitative.

Between use of social media and online prosocial behavior.

Social media: Kietzmann and colleagues (2011, page 1): “Social media employ mobile and web-based technologies to create highly interactive platforms via which individuals and communities share, co-create, discuss, and modify user-generated content” (Kietzmann, Hermkens, McCarthy, & Silvestre, 2011).

Online prosocial behavior: refers to “voluntary behavior carried out in an electronic context (/social media context) with the intention of benefitting particular others or promoting harmonious relations with others” (Erreygers, Vandebosch, Vranjes, Baillien, & De Witte, 2018). Examples of online prosocial behavior include comforting a friend via digital technologies, online sharing of resources and information with a classmate, and helping peers out on social network sites.

Utstyr

Systematic review. Databases: PsycINFO, Ovid MEDLINE(R) and Epub Ahead of Print, Embase, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Web of Science, Sociological Abstracts, Eric. Databases search 09th and 10th of December 2019.

prosjektdeltakere

prosjektleder

Jens Christoffer Skogen

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektleder
    ved Avdeling for helsefremmende arbeid ved Folkehelseinstituttet

Christoffer Lysenstøen

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Universitetet i Bergen
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