Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 2473659
Sist endret: 17. november 2022, 18:07

Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 2473659
Sist endret: 17. november 2022, 18:07

THREAT DEFUSER: Mitigating Perceived Threats in Russian and Norwegian Public Discourse


Laura Alexis Janda
ved Institutt for språk og kultur ved UiT Norges arktiske universitet

prosjekteier / koordinerende forskningsansvarlig enhet

  • UiT Norges arktiske universitet


  • TotalbudsjettNOK 12.000.000
  • Norges forskningsråd
    Prosjektkode: 300002



Medievitenskap og journalistikk • Russisk språk • Nordiske språk • Samisk språk • Statsvitenskap og organisasjonsteori



  • Anvendt forskning
  • Grunnforskning



Start: 1. september 2020 Slutt: 31. august 2026

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse


THREAT DEFUSER: Mitigating Perceived Threats in Russian and Norwegian Public Discourse

Populærvitenskapelig sammendrag

THREAT-DEFUSER explores the role of “soft” information strategies propagated through mass and social media that constitute hybrid warfare. We investigate Norwegian perceptions of Russia, as well as Russian perceptions of Norway, in the context of Norwegian national security.

THREAT-DEFUSER is a multi-disciplinary project that combines state-of-the-art methodologies from political science, linguistics and media studies to forge new methodologies. Whereas academic disciplines tend to be disproportionately focused on the English-speaking world, THREAT-DEFUSER breaks away from that narrow view, focusing instead on Russian and two official languages of Norway: Norwegian and North Saami. Three cultural perspectives are opened up: 1) a major international language, since Russian is the second most-used language on the Internet; 2) a majority national language; 3) a minority indigenous language. The tools created by THREAT-DEFUSER are portable to other languages, cultures, and domains, and will be shared open source with the international research community.

THREAT-DEFUSER actively disseminates research findings to political authorities (via evidence briefs and closed workshops), to academics (via high-quality open access scholarly journals), and to the public at large through a dedicated, regularly updated website, podcasts, school visits and an app that facilitates rapid response to the dynamic landscape of news and social media. THREAT-DEFUSER assesses Russia’s increasingly assertive role in matters of foreign and security policy, particularly in relation to their engagement in hybrid warfare. The same tools are implemented also to analyze Russian attitudes to Europe that have a direct bearing on Norwegian-Russian relations.

Vitenskapelig sammendrag

THREAT-DEFUSER integrates state-of-the-art political science, linguistics, and media studies methods to forge a new multidisciplinary approach to hybrid warfare. The primary objective is long term strategic competence on hybrid warfare in Norwegian and Russian media that empowers citizenry, policy makers, and academics to recognize and mitigate the escalation of radicalization. The project will generate high quality research findings on technologically disseminated disinformation and its role in geopolitics and, thus, foster societies resilient to hybrid warfare. The secondary objectives are to a) address a knowledge gap for three languages (North Saami, Norwegian, Russian) with quantitative linguistic analyses and qualitative methods assessing media practices to triangulate data and produce new knowledge; and b) strengthen the Norwegian research community by building a network dedicated to hybrid warfare analysis stratified to include both early-career (postdoc) and senior scholars.

THREAT-DEFUSER increases Norwegian capacity to address challenges
of hybrid warfare in relation to Norway's biggest neighbor: Russia. We combine linguistic analysis of the big data of language corpora and path-breaking techniques developed in the Czech Republic with social science approaches such as document, discourse, and intersectional analyses of how language is gendered, racialized, and classed to trigger emotional reactions in populations and exacerbate conflict cleavages in societies. THREAT-DEFUSER integrates these methods to develop tools of analysis for Russian, North Saami, and Norwegian media. Using quantitative analysis of digitally networked communication and reassessing the acquired data through qualitative approaches, THREAT-DEFUSER identifies the role of disinformation in technologically facilitated dynamics of radicalization. We determine the function and possible effects of these dynamics in contemporary hybrid warfare, and develop concrete evidence-based recommendations for reduced vulnerability and increased resilience of societies and political systems in relation to such incursions.

We determine the function and possible effects of these dynamics in contemporary hybrid warfare, and develop concrete evidence-based recommendations for reduced vulnerability and increased resilience of societies and political THREAT-DEFUSER is the first cross-linguistic analysis of threat vocabularies and the Keywords/Keymorphs that show differential behavior in news media. We are the first to apply Normalized Social Distance metrics to the media sources of Russia and Norway. THREAT-DEFUSER contributes to UN sustainable development Goal 16: Promote just, peaceful and inclusive societies. This is achieved by ensuring public access to ratings of the ideological biases and audience exclusivity of news media, essential information that mitigates social fragmentation and radicalization. News media ratings are delivered via the NewsRadar app that alerts consumers alongside their news feeds. The audiences of THREAT-DEFUSER include scholars of political science, linguistics, and media studies, as well as all consumers of news media in the broader public.


Work Package (WP) 1 addresses the language of threats through the lenses of previous scholarship, multi-million/billion-word corpora representing
North Saami, Norwegian, and Russian. In WP 2, target texts describing threats are extracted from TV, radio, and Internet portals representing the range of possible news sources, and these texts are analyzed for significant differences from normative language in corpora via Keyword/Keymorph Analysis. Media connectivity is the topic of WP3, which assesses the extent to which media sources are interconnected or mutually isolated. WP4 synthesizes the results from WP2-3 and produces qualitative data sets on actual behavior. WP5 provides a website, podcasts and the NewsRadar app to give citizens access to ratings of news sources, plus scholarly articles and evidence briefs.


Ingen bortsett fra datamaskiner.


Aktiv cristin-person

Laura Alexis Janda

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Institutt for språk og kultur ved UiT Norges arktiske universitet
Aktiv cristin-person

Valentina Zhukova

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Fakultet for humaniora, samfunnsvitenskap og lærerutdanning ved UiT Norges arktiske universitet

Anna Obukhova

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Institutt for språk og kultur ved UiT Norges arktiske universitet

Isabel Foss Dineen

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved UiT Norges arktiske universitet

Masako Ueda Fidler

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Brown University
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Resultater Resultater

A “special grammatical operation”: what Putin’s use of cases reveals.

Levshina, Natalia. 2022, text-grinder blog post. Poster

Ideological preparation for war in Ukraine? Observations from the Czech antisystem discourse? .

Cvrček, Václav; Fidler, Masako Ueda. 2022, Slavic Linguistics Society Conference . Vitenskapelig foredrag

New linguistic methods applied to Russian political discourse.

Janda, Laura Alexis; Obukhova, Anna. 2022, FAKESPEAK workshop . UITVitenskapelig foredrag

How the Russian Media Are Approaching Svalbard (Spitsbergen).

Obukhova, Anna. 2022, Ling Lang Lunch. UITVitenskapelig foredrag

The case for case in Putin’s speeches.

Janda, Laura Alexis; Fidler, Masako; Cvrček, Václav; Obukhova, Anna. 2022, Russian Linguistics : International Journal for the Study of the Russian Language. UIT, BU, UKVPVitenskapelig artikkel
1 - 5 av 124 | Neste | Siste »