Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 2504865
Sist endret: 18. februar 2021 13:58

Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 2504865
Sist endret: 18. februar 2021 13:58
Prosjekt

Chinese-Norwegian Project on Emission, Impact, and Control Policy for Black Carbon and its Co-benefits in Northern China (ChiNorBC)

prosjektleder

Shilpa Rao-Skirbekk
ved Avdeling for metodeutvikling og analyse ved Folkehelseinstituttet

prosjekteier / koordinerende forskningsansvarlig enhet

  • Avdeling for metodeutvikling og analyse ved Folkehelseinstituttet

Klassifisering

Vitenskapsdisipliner

Samfunnsvitenskap • Matematikk og naturvitenskap

Emneord

Atmosfære og klima • Miljøkonsekvenser • Climate change

Kategorier

Prosjektkategori

  • Bidragsprosjekt

Tidsramme

Aktivt
Start: 1. januar 2020 Slutt: 31. desember 2022

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Chinese-Norwegian Project on Emission, Impact, and Control Policy for Black Carbon and its Co-benefits in Northern China (ChiNorBC)

Populærvitenskapelig sammendrag

To meet the Sustainable Development Goals and the ambitions of the Paris Agreement, deep reductions are needed, not only in emissions of CO2 but also in air pollutionreductions are needed, not only in emissions of CO2 but also in air pollution. Air pollution is a major environmental problem, negatively affecting air quality, human health, and crops. Many of the main air pollutants also play an important role in shaping the climate, locally and globally. China is currently a major source of air pollutants, but the magnitude of emissions is still highly uncertain, and emissions are now changing rapidly. Through the ChiNorBC project, scientists from Norway and China work to improve the knowledge about emissions, climate and health impacts, and potential for further control of black carbon and other emissions in China.   

 

Vitenskapelig sammendrag

Accumulating evidence has identified the health risks associated with short-lived climate forcers, particularly BC, secondary organic and inorganic aerosols. There is significant diversity in fuel types and sources of combustion across northern China, with major sources including industry, transport, and households. Understanding the different sources of combustion and the impacts on chemical composition and relative contribution to health endpoints is an important part of designing optimal BC/OC mitigation-related strategies. Furthermore, dose response functions are often uncertain at very high and very low exposure levels; thus, a better understanding of the extremes can be useful when assessing the burden of disease and informing policy. Recent studies in China, Europe and other places increasingly point to evidence of decreased lung function, obesity, and effects on neuro-cognition in human beings, although the evidence is still uncertain. Local health risk assessment studies conducted in northern China will help to better understand the relationship between diverse exposure type and the incidence of disease; thus, informing policy for mitigating BC/OC.

Metode

Modeling

Toxicology

prosjektdeltakere

prosjektleder

Shilpa Rao-Skirbekk

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektleder
    ved Avdeling for metodeutvikling og analyse ved Folkehelseinstituttet

Marit Låg

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Avdeling for miljø og helse ved Folkehelseinstituttet
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