Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 2505439
Sist endret: 23. februar 2021, 14:41

Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 2505439
Sist endret: 23. februar 2021, 14:41
Prosjekt

Reinforcing the Health Data Infrastructure in Mobility and Assurance through Data Democratization

prosjektleder

Bian Yang
ved Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet

prosjekteier / koordinerende forskningsansvarlig enhet

  • Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet

Klassifisering

Vitenskapsdisipliner

Informasjons- og kommunikasjonsteknologi

Emneord

Dataanalyse • Personvernpolicy • Helseinformasjon • Cyber security

Kategorier

Prosjektkategori

  • Anvendt forskning

Kontaktinformasjon

Telefon
41387092
Sted
Bian Yang

Tidsramme

Aktivt
Start: 1. mars 2019 Slutt: 30. april 2024

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Reinforcing the Health Data Infrastructure in Mobility and Assurance through Data Democratization

Populærvitenskapelig sammendrag

Health data has immense scientific, societal, and commercial values, which provoke cyberattacks and black market targeting of this data. The sharing and utilisation of health data poses legal, ethical/privacy, and technical challenges, which significantly limit the realisation of these values. There is a structural deficiency in the conventional health data infrastructure regarding secure data sharing and trust management. In this project, we aim at a democratic approach with a computational platform to incentivise different parties in a health data ecosystem to define, negotiate, and manage their respective rights, obligations, and the benefits associated with health data in a trusted and efficient way. As all parties can use a common set of technical and procedural protocols for data sharing, they can trade their rights, obligations, and relevant benefits in an equal stance.

The Health Democratisation project is coordinated by NTNU's Department of Information Security and Communication Technology (IIK), with participants from NTNU's Department of Public Health and Nursing (ISM), Department of Manufacturing and Civil Engineering (IVB), and Department of Computer Science (IDI). NTNU will also partner with several national (SINTEF Security, the Norwegian Computing Center, the Norwegian Directorate of eHealth, and Inland Hospital), international (Maastricht University, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven) research institutes, and project sub-contractors (TicSalut, Tecnalia, Lynkeus, and Kallistech).The project has a budget of approximately 27 million Norwegian krone to support 5 PhD/PostDoc positions in addition to the permanent research staffs with NTNU and its partners. Some of the project results are expected to contribute to the national health data infrastructure via the collaboration with the national project Helseanalyseplattformen. The project is also in liaison with the EU H2020 project My Health My Data.

Vitenskapelig sammendrag

In this project we aim at architecting and engineer a democratic data transaction model. The idea is to insert a trust and incentive augmented layer on top of the existing data infrastructure, which performs the same protocol of device / data provenance, beneficiary rights and benefit negotiation, and operation rights configuration between any two / multiple parties involved in a data transaction.

The following research questions will be answered through research efforts in this project.

RQ1: What are the common elements that can be abstracted from diverse data transaction scenarios, and how to model them into functions and protocols applicable to all parties?

RQ2: What benefit can be brought by modelling data sharing in a trading perspective and what are its impact on the social, ethical, and economic aspects?

RQ3: How to model the risk and incentive for data mobility in an open environment with multiple parties of conflicting interests in rights negotiation?

RQ4: How to automate the configuration and validation of policies and rights across parties?

RQ5: How to technically engineer and evaluate the democratic health data infrastructure?

The project will take advantage of emerging theories (conflicting incentive models, multilateral security policy, token economy, etc.) and technologies (blockchain, computational negotiation, privacy preserving methods, etc.) , and research on new theories and innovative technologies towards the data democratization goal.

prosjektdeltakere

prosjektleder

Bian Yang

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektleder
    ved Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet
  • Tilknyttet:
    Lokalt ansvarlig
    ved Institutt for informasjonssikkerhet og kommunikasjonsteknologi ved Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet
Aktiv cristin-person

Lars Øystein Ursin

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Institutt for samfunnsmedisin og sykepleie ved Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet
  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet

Guillaume Bour

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved SINTEF Digital ved SINTEF AS
  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Software Engineering, Safety and Security ved SINTEF AS

Ravishankar Bhaskarrao Borgaonkar

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Software Engineering, Safety and Security ved SINTEF AS
  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved SINTEF Digital ved SINTEF AS

Svetlana Boudko

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved IKT Forskning ved Norsk Regnesentral
  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Norsk Regnesentral
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