Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 2506905
Sist endret: 14. mars 2021, 18:53

Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 2506905
Sist endret: 14. mars 2021, 18:53
Prosjekt

PROTECT The Right to International Protection. A Pendulum between Globalization and Nativization?

prosjektleder

Hakan Gurcan Sicakkan
ved Institutt for sammenliknende politikk ved Universitetet i Bergen

prosjekteier / koordinerende forskningsansvarlig enhet

  • Institutt for sammenliknende politikk ved Universitetet i Bergen

Finansiering

  • TotalbudsjettNOK 33.750.000
  • EU
    Prosjektkode: 870761

Klassifisering

Vitenskapsdisipliner

Internasjonal politikk • Medievitenskap og journalistikk • Folkerett • Historie • Sosialantropologi • Sammenlignende politikk • Rettsvitenskap • Sosiologi

Emneord

Asyl og flyktningepolitikk • Global rettferdighet • Globale utfordringer • Internasjonal migrasjon • Globalisering • Skillelinjer

Kategorier

Prosjektkategori

  • Anvendt forskning
  • Grunnforskning

Kontaktinformasjon

Telefon
55589720
Sted
Hakan G. Sicakkan

Tidsramme

Aktivt
Start: 1. februar 2020 Slutt: 31. januar 2023

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

PROTECT The Right to International Protection. A Pendulum between Globalization and Nativization?

Populærvitenskapelig sammendrag

How can the international community maintain and advance the idea and system of international protection in today's turbulent global political context?

The international refugee protection system is under massive pressure. The UN’s 1951 Geneva Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol oblige its signatories to adopt common goals for international protection. On the other hand, the populist nativization processes that initially started in a few countries is spreading in the world, generating substantial bottom-up pressure on the international protection system. Between the globalist and nativist bearings, are the regionalist (e.g., Europeanist) and nation-statist visions of protection.

Amidst intensifying struggles between groups that advocate these four conflicting visions of world order and the models of international protection associated with them, it remains to see how the Global Compact on Refugees (GCR) and Global Compact on Migration (GCM), and their interactions with regional and national jurisdictions, will affect the right to international protection. Our vision is to discover ways of upholding and advancing an effective international protection system in today’s turbulent political context. The UN’s and the EU’s efforts to create new solidarity-based global and regional governance systems for migration and international protection pose important challenges and opportunities.

PROTECT comparatively assesses the consequences and implications of the GCR and GCM for international protection. Its particular focus is on their transformative effects on the (human) rights of refugees and asylum seekers, the rights attached to the refugee status, the modes of governance deployed to implement these, and their public recognition. PROTECT will identify the factors that facilitate or hinder alignment of the Compacts with the right to international protection from a human rights perspective. As part of these efforts, we identify the legal norms, governance modes, and public discourses that have performed the best in upholding and advancing an effective international refugee protection system.

Vitenskapelig sammendrag

PROTECT studies the impacts of the United Nations’ Global Refugee Compact and Global Migration Compact on the functioning of the international refugee protection systemThis investigation is being done from the perspectives of political theory, legal theory, cleavage theory, public sphere theory, multilevel global governance, and ethnography.

The entities focused on are the UNHCR and IOM (the global level), the European Union and the African Union (regional level), EU countries, Canada and South Africa (state level), and Canadian, South-African and South-European border zones (the local level).

Empirically, PROTECT engages in extensive legal, institutional, attitudinal, and media content data collection. As part of its empirical work, it aims to identify the changes in the notion of refugee protection due to the introduction of the two UN Global Compacts.

Conceptually, PROTECT endeavors to develop a notion of refugee protection that is sensitive to the current political realities. Theoretically, it aspires to develop a theory explaining why a notion of refugee and refugee protection governance, and not other competing notions, wins the race at the global level.

We will (i) develop the conceptual, theoretical, and methodological tools needed to understand the right to international protection as a multilevel and trans-level phenomenon, (ii) identify whether or how the objectives and substance of the Global Compacts are aligned with the right to international protection (the rights dimension), (iii) assess which governance modes (actors, structures, and networks) serve best the goal of aligning the Global Compacts with the right to international protection (the governance dimension), (iv) detect societal discourses which promote the recognition of the primacy of human rights and the right to international protection (the recognition dimension), and (vi) based on the above, discover ways of aligning the Global Compacts with human rights and the right to international protection.

PROTECT is funded by the European Union's Horizon 2020 Framework Programme. It was initiated and is being led by the University of Bergen. The PROTECT Consortium is composed of 11 universities based in Europe, Canada, and South Africa.

Metode

This is a large-scale project organized in 8 research work packages, each of which deploy different but complementary methodological approaches. In work package 1, where we develop a theory of international protection, we use the methodological tools of normative political and legal theory. Work package 2 conducts legal analyses of the interactions between international, regional and national jurisdictions pertaining to refugee protection and deploys comparative and doctrinal legal analyses. In work package 3, where the aim is to identify the best performing governance architectures of international refugee protection, we combine statistical pattern identification, historical comparative case studies, and methods of international relatons theory. Work package 4 is devoted to fieldwork studies of refugee-intense zones close to border areas, where we use qualititative interviews, participant observation, and participatory data collection. Work packages 5 and 6 do survey analyses of, respectively, civil society organizations' and citizens' contributions to international refugee protection. Work package 7 comprises studies of discourses and networks of actors in traditional and social media, using big data and deploying methods of data-mining, topic modelling, and network analysis.  

Utstyr

n/a

Tittel

PROTECT The Right to International Protection. A Pendulum between Globalization and Nativization?

Populærvitenskapelig sammendrag

How can the international community maintain and advance the idea and system of international protection in today's turbulent global political context?

The international refugee protection system is under massive pressure. The UN’s 1951 Geneva Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol oblige its signatories to adopt common goals for international protection. On the other hand, the populist nativization processes that initially started in a few countries is spreading in the world, generating substantial bottom-up pressure on the international protection system. Between the globalist and nativist bearings, are the regionalist (e.g., Europeanist) and nation-statist visions of protection.

Amidst intensifying struggles between groups that advocate these four conflicting visions of world order and the models of international protection associated with them, it remains to see how the Global Compact on Refugees (GCR) and Global Compact on Migration (GCM), and their interactions with regional and national jurisdictions, will affect the right to international protection. Our vision is to discover ways of upholding and advancing an effective international protection system in today’s turbulent political context. The UN’s and the EU’s efforts to create new solidarity-based global and regional governance systems for migration and international protection pose important challenges and opportunities.

PROTECT comparatively assesses the consequences and implications of the GCR and GCM for international protection. Its particular focus is on their transformative effects on the (human) rights of refugees and asylum seekers, the rights attached to the refugee status, the modes of governance deployed to implement these, and their public recognition. PROTECT will identify the factors that facilitate or hinder alignment of the Compacts with the right to international protection from a human rights perspective. As part of these efforts, we identify the legal norms, governance modes, and public discourses that have performed the best in upholding and advancing an effective international refugee protection system.

Vitenskapelig sammendrag

PROTECT studies the impacts of the United Nations’ Global Refugee Compact and Global Migration Compact on the functioning of the international refugee protection systemThis investigation is being done from the perspectives of political theory, legal theory, cleavage theory, public sphere theory, multilevel global governance, and ethnography.

The entities focused on are the UNHCR and IOM (the global level), the European Union and the African Union (regional level), EU countries, Canada and South Africa (state level), and Canadian, South-African and South-European border zones (the local level).

Empirically, PROTECT engages in extensive legal, institutional, attitudinal, and media content data collection. As part of its empirical work, it aims to identify the changes in the notion of refugee protection due to the introduction of the two UN Global Compacts.

Conceptually, PROTECT endeavors to develop a notion of refugee protection that is sensitive to the current political realities. Theoretically, it aspires to develop a theory explaining why a notion of refugee and refugee protection governance, and not other competing notions, wins the race at the global level.

We will (i) develop the conceptual, theoretical, and methodological tools needed to understand the right to international protection as a multilevel and trans-level phenomenon, (ii) identify whether or how the objectives and substance of the Global Compacts are aligned with the right to international protection (the rights dimension), (iii) assess which governance modes (actors, structures, and networks) serve best the goal of aligning the Global Compacts with the right to international protection (the governance dimension), (iv) detect societal discourses which promote the recognition of the primacy of human rights and the right to international protection (the recognition dimension), and (vi) based on the above, discover ways of aligning the Global Compacts with human rights and the right to international protection.

PROTECT is funded by the European Union's Horizon 2020 Framework Programme. It was initiated and is being led by the University of Bergen. The PROTECT Consortium is composed of 11 universities based in Europe, Canada, and South Africa.

Metode

This is a large-scale project organized in 8 research work packages, each of which deploy different but complementary methodological approaches. In work package 1, where we develop a theory of international protection, we use the methodological tools of normative political and legal theory. Work package 2 conducts legal analyses of the interactions between international, regional and national jurisdictions pertaining to refugee protection and deploys comparative and doctrinal legal analyses. In work package 3, where the aim is to identify the best performing governance architectures of international refugee protection, we combine statistical pattern identification, historical comparative case studies, and methods of international relatons theory. Work package 4 is devoted to fieldwork studies of refugee-intense zones close to border areas, where we use qualititative interviews, participant observation, and participatory data collection. Work packages 5 and 6 do survey analyses of, respectively, civil society organizations' and citizens' contributions to international refugee protection. Work package 7 comprises studies of discourses and networks of actors in traditional and social media, using big data and deploying methods of data-mining, topic modelling, and network analysis.  

Utstyr

n/a

prosjektdeltakere

prosjektleder

Hakan Gurcan Sicakkan

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektleder
    ved Institutt for sammenliknende politikk ved Universitetet i Bergen

Frank Caestecker

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Universiteit Gent

Slavko Splichal

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Univerza v Ljubljani

Jo Vearey

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg

Alia Middleton

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved University of Surrey
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