Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 303118
Sist endret: 18. desember 2014, 08:57

Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 303118
Sist endret: 18. desember 2014, 08:57
Prosjekt

DAAD 199852. Nominalizations: explorations at the syntax-lexicon and the syntax-semantics interfaces

prosjektleder

Antonio Fábregas
ved Institutt for språkvitenskap ved UiT Norges arktiske universitet

prosjekteier / koordinerende forskningsansvarlig enhet

  • UiT Norges arktiske universitet

Tidsramme

Avsluttet
Start: 1. januar 2010 Slutt: 31. desember 2011

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

DAAD 199852. Nominalizations: explorations at the syntax-lexicon and the syntax-semantics interfaces

Sammendrag

Nominalizations are complex words derived from verbs (enjoy-ment) or adjectives (happi-ness). This project tries to describe and understand their properties, and specially a) the meaning relationship between the word they are derived from and the nominalization itself and b) the mechanisms that make it possible for speakers to relate words and concepts together in this particular way. The investigation has implications for understanding the relationship between different classes of words, second language teaching and the description of each individual language.

Vitenskapelig sammendrag

As has often been noticed, (e.g., Roeper, 2005), nominalizations have always occupied a central place in grammatical theory. From seminal works such as Lees (1960), Chomsky (1970) and Grimshaw (1990) until more recent studies, this interest had not ceased to grow. There are several reasons for this constant interest. First, from a morphological point of view, nominalizations are classes of words of a hybrid nature, as they are derived from other categories, mainly verbs and adjectives. Second, this hybrid nature confers them with certain characteristics that, in theory, are not typically nominal, as for example the fact that they have an argumental structure (and therefore a thematic structure as well) and the predicative force that this property attributes to them (Pustejovsky, 1995). Third, nominalizations present multiple ambiguities, and it is important to develop linguistic tools and tests which clarify their behavior, their sources and the constraints which underlie them. In spite of the interest devoted to this topic, the approaches so far concentrate on very distinct aspects, with, on the one hand, the study of the argumental structure from a syntactic point of view (Grimshaw, 1990; Picallo, 1991; Alexiadou, 2001) and, on the other hand, more recently, the aspectual analysis of nominalizations from a semantic point of view (Brinton, 1995; Snyder, 1998; Kelling, 2003; Meinschaefer, 2005, Marìn et al. 2008). We also observe that most studies tend to focus on a single language (cf. Grimshaw 1990 for English, Picallo 1991, Fábregas in press for Spanish); comparative investigations are rather rare, see e.g. Alexiadou 2001, and Alexiadou, Iordachioaia & Soare 2009 for a first attempt.Currently, there are different research teams in Europe developing independent, but related, work on nominalizations (most notably in France, Norway, and Germany). Up to this point, the collaboration between them has been only occasional, and one of the motivations of this project is to establish permanent and flexible connections between these teams in order to exchange and coordinate ideas and resources. This project aims at integrating a fine-grained data description with new findings in the understanding of nominalizations. On the descriptive side, the project will explore a range of data that have been disregarded in the literature on nominalizations so far. More precisely, a special attention will be paid to French, where the studies on nominalizations, either from the morphological, lexical, syntactic or semantic point of view are clearly lacking. In addition, the project will also favor a comparative approach and develop a detailed study of several Romance languages (French, Spanish, Catalan, Romanian) and Germanic ones (English, German, Norwegian). However, our investigation will also concern other languages that turn out crucial for a particular phenomenon: for instance, in their research on aspect in nominalizations, Alexiadou, Iordăchioaia & Soare have started testing Slavic languages, known to exhibit a richer aspectual morphology than Romance or Germanic.

prosjektdeltakere

prosjektleder

Antonio Fábregas

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektleder
    ved Institutt for språkvitenskap ved UiT Norges arktiske universitet
Aktiv cristin-person

Gillian C Ramchand

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Institutt for språk og kultur ved UiT Norges arktiske universitet

Peter Arne Svenonius

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Institutt for språk og kultur ved UiT Norges arktiske universitet

Isabelle Roy

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Institutt for språk og kultur ved UiT Norges arktiske universitet
Aktiv cristin-person

Monika Bader

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Institutt for språk og kultur ved UiT Norges arktiske universitet
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Resultater Resultater

A syntactic account of affix rivalry in Spanish nominalizations.

Fábregas, Antonio. 2010, De Gruyter Mouton. UITVitenskapelig Kapittel/Artikkel/Konferanseartikkel
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