Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 443000
Sist endret: 9. april 2015 15:06

Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 443000
Sist endret: 9. april 2015 15:06
Prosjekt

Hard-core røykere i Norge. Utbredelse, utviklingstrekk og sosio-demografiske karakteristika

prosjektleder

Marianne Lund
ved Avdeling for rusmidler og tobakk ved Folkehelseinstituttet

prosjekteier / koordinerende forskningsansvarlig enhet

  • Folkehelseinstituttet

Tidsramme

Avsluttet
Start: 1. januar 2009 Slutt: 31. desember 2014

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Hard-core røykere i Norge. Utbredelse, utviklingstrekk og sosio-demografiske karakteristika

Sammendrag

Prosjektnr. 230 Studere sammenhengen mellom røykestatus, inkludert "hard-core" røykere, og sosio-demografiske faktorer, sannsynligheten for røykestatus ved opphopning av sosiale risiokofaktorer.

Vitenskapelig sammendrag

Prosjektnr. 230 Studere sammenhengen mellom røykestatus, inkludert "hard-core" røykere, og sosio-demografiske faktorer, sannsynligheten for røykestatus ved opphopning av sosiale risiokofaktorer.

Tittel

Hard-core smokers in Norway. Prevalence, careers and socio-demographic characteristics

Sammendrag

What happens when smoking prevalence drops in a society? After the "easy quitters" have left the smoking population, will we have a group of hard core of smokers which conventional anti-smoking measures can't reach? There is no widely accepted definition of the hard core smoker, though one popular with the tobacco research community is the habitual smoker who doesn't quit because s/he either can't or won't, and will therefore likely continue to smoke despite repeated exposure to health warnings and social sanctions against smoking (Warner 2003). The first task of the project is to establish the group's identity, size and socio-demographic features, including internal changes relative to the wider population of smokers, that is, changes in the ratio of hard core to ordinary smokers. The second task is to review studies of different mechanisms likely to explain why this group continues to smoke despite strong anti-smoking norms in society. We approach this question from several angles: motives for continuing smoking/not to seek help to quit; social capital/social integration; and reactions to anti-tobacco campaigns in the media. Data from several sources will be used for the project. There is a considerable body of data stemming from the tobacco user surveys of Statistics Norway conducted on behalf of the Directorate of Health. These data stretch back to 1973 and are collected from among a representative sample every autumn. In connnection with the evaluation of two anti-tobacco campaigns on TV and other media, data were collected before and after. The data sets on these campaigns  2003 and 2006 respectively  provide information on cognitive and emotional reactions to the campaigns. The final set of data stems from a web survey of daily smokers in Norway and Sweden, 2,000 all told. The survey, held in 2009 in collaboration with a Swedish team of researchers, focused on quitting and attitudes about asking for help to quit.

Vitenskapelig sammendrag

What happens when smoking prevalence drops in a society? After the "easy quitters" have left the smoking population, will we have a group of hard core of smokers which conventional anti-smoking measures can't reach? There is no widely accepted definition of the hard core smoker, though one popular with the tobacco research community is the habitual smoker who doesn't quit because s/he either can't or won't, and will therefore likely continue to smoke despite repeated exposure to health warnings and social sanctions against smoking (Warner 2003). The first task of the project is to establish the group's identity, size and socio-demographic features, including internal changes relative to the wider population of smokers, that is, changes in the ratio of hard core to ordinary smokers. The second task is to review studies of different mechanisms likely to explain why this group continues to smoke despite strong anti-smoking norms in society. We approach this question from several angles: motives for continuing smoking/not to seek help to quit; social capital/social integration; and reactions to anti-tobacco campaigns in the media. Data from several sources will be used for the project. There is a considerable body of data stemming from the tobacco user surveys of Statistics Norway conducted on behalf of the Directorate of Health. These data stretch back to 1973 and are collected from among a representative sample every autumn. In connnection with the evaluation of two anti-tobacco campaigns on TV and other media, data were collected before and after. The data sets on these campaigns  2003 and 2006 respectively  provide information on cognitive and emotional reactions to the campaigns. The final set of data stems from a web survey of daily smokers in Norway and Sweden, 2,000 all told. The survey, held in 2009 in collaboration with a Swedish team of researchers, focused on quitting and attitudes about asking for help to quit.

prosjektdeltakere

prosjektleder
Aktiv cristin-person

Marianne Lund

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektleder
    ved Avdeling for rusmidler og tobakk ved Folkehelseinstituttet
Aktiv cristin-person

Karl Erik Lund

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Avdeling for rusmidler og tobakk ved Folkehelseinstituttet
Aktiv cristin-person

Gunnar Sæbø

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Avdeling for rusmidler og tobakk ved Folkehelseinstituttet
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Resultater Resultater

Social inequality in cigarette consumption, cigarette dependence, and intention to quit among Norwegian smokers.

Lund, Marianne. 2015, BioMed Research International. FHIVitenskapelig artikkel

Hardcore Smokers in Norway 1996-2009.

Lund, Marianne; Lund, Karl Erik; Kvaavik, Elisabeth. 2011, Nicotine & Tobacco Research. FHIVitenskapelig artikkel
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