Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 449943
Sist endret: 25. januar 2016 15:18

Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 449943
Sist endret: 25. januar 2016 15:18
Prosjekt

Gender and Agricultural Change in Argentina:The Impact of the Gene Modified Soybean Revolution

prosjektleder

Kristi Anne Stølen
ved Senter for utvikling og miljø ved Universitetet i Oslo

prosjekteier / koordinerende forskningsansvarlig enhet

  • Senter for utvikling og miljø ved Universitetet i Oslo

Finansiering

  • TotalbudsjettNOK 933.000
  • Norges forskningsråd
    Prosjektkode: 208680

Klassifisering

Vitenskapsdisipliner

Samfunnsvitenskap • Sosialantropologi

Kategorier

Prosjektkategori

  • Grunnforskning

Kontaktinformasjon

Telefon
22858980
Sted
Kristi Anne Stølen

Tidsramme

Avsluttet
Start: 1. februar 2012 Slutt: 31. juli 2015

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Gender and Agricultural Change in Argentina:The Impact of the Gene Modified Soybean Revolution

Populærvitenskapelig sammendrag

Based on anthropological fieldwork among Argentine farmers in Santa Fe province, this project is a continuation of an over-time research on social change in rural Argentina initiated in 1973. It aims to analyse the impact of the "GMO revolution" that has taken place in Argentina over the last two decades.Since GM soy was introduced in Argentina in 1996, the country has become the world's third largest producer (after the United States and Brazil), and the world's largest exporter of soy.This product now accounts for more than half of Argentina's agricultural production, over a quarter of the country's exports, and soybean production continues to grow. Almost all soy is exported, mainly to China and the EU as animal feed and bio-fuel. Due to high demand and high market prices globally, soy plays a crucial role in the Argentine economy. With an export tax of 35% on soy, it represents huge revenues for the state. At the same time, it creates a number of social and environmental problems.The project focuses on the direct and indirect effects of increased soybean cultivation among farmers in Santa Fe province. Results from the project so far indicate that the direct impact of GMO revolution is less extensive in the study area compared with other parts of the country, where production no longer is controlled by farmers, but by large commercial companies with limited interest in environment and sustainability. Although there has been a gradual increase in soy cultivation locally, soy has not eradicated other crops and/or livestock as in many other parts of Argentina. It is usually grown in rotation with other crops, with less negative environmental impacts. However, the expansion of soy cultivation has resulted in major economic and social changes in the countryside. New technologies require heavy investments and larger production areas. Family farms have been replaced by small agribusiness units. Some farmers have managed this transition, most have not. They rent out their land or combine farming with employment or other sources of income, to prevent selling the land that in most cases has been in the family for generations. Rural urban migration has accelerated and the countryside is becoming emptied of people. This restructuring has caused economic and social problems, but also brought new opportunities, especially for women.

prosjektdeltakere

prosjektleder

Kristi Anne Stølen

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektleder
    ved Senter for utvikling og miljø ved Universitetet i Oslo
1 - 1 av 1

Resultater Resultater

Estudios rurales y agrarios: de las ligas agrarias a los movimientos anti-mineros.

Aguilar-Støen, Mariel; Stølen, Kristi-Anne. 2015, UIOFaglig kapittel

Agricultural change in Argentina: Impacts of the Gene Modified Soybean Revolution.

Stølen, Kristi Anne. 2015, Routledge. UIOVitenskapelig Kapittel/Artikkel/Konferanseartikkel
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