Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 468877
Sist endret: 2. oktober 2018 17:41
Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 468877
Sist endret: 2. oktober 2018 17:41
Prosjekt

The role of functional group interactions in mediating climate change impacts on the carbon dynamics and biodiversity of alpine ecosystems (FunCaB)

prosjektleder

Vigdis Vandvik
ved Institutt for biovitenskap ved Universitetet i Bergen

prosjekteier / koordinerende forskningsansvarlig enhet

  • Universitetet i Bergen

Finansiering

  • TotalbudsjettNOK 14.087.000
  • Norges forskningsråd

    • Prosjektkode: 244525
  • Universitetet i Bergen

  • Uni Research

Klassifisering

Vitenskapsdisipliner

Økologi

Emneord

Climate change

Kategorier

Prosjektkategori

  • Bidragsprosjekt

Tidsramme

Avsluttet
Start: 1. april 2015 Slutt: 31. mars 2019

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

The role of functional group interactions in mediating climate change impacts on the carbon dynamics and biodiversity of alpine ecosystems (FunCaB)

Populærvitenskapelig sammendrag

Mountain areas provide important habitats for many plant and animal species, but they also contribute with important ecosystem functions and services such as carbon storage, areas for livestock grazing, and regulation of floods and landslides. At the same time, mountain ecosystems are particularly vulnerable to climate change.
 

Alpine vegetation consists of several important groups of organisms; including primary producers such as shrubs, herbs, grasses, mosses, and lichens, and decomposers such as bacteria and fungi. To understand how climate change affects the whole ecosystem, we must understand both the direct effects of climate and climate change on each of these groups, and how climate change affects the interactions between them. In FunCaB we will investigate this using field experiments. We will remove one or more groups to assess how the other groups are responding, and will do these experiments under different climate conditions so that we can assess the significance of climate for these interactions. The hypothesis is that competition between the different primary producers will dominate under relatively warm and productive conditions, while cooperation (facilitation) will dominate under cold and unproductive conditions. We also expect mosses to contribute more to productivity and carbon storage, and fungi contribute more to decomposition, under humid conditions.
The results of these experiments will be used in model simulations to predict the consequences of climate and climate change for biodiversity and carbon sequestration on a larger scale and under different future climate scenarios. The results will thus contribute to increased knowledge and feedbacks between terrestrial ecosystems and the climate system.

Vitenskapelig sammendrag

Mountain areas provide important habitats for many plant and animal species, but they also contribute with important ecosystem functions and services such as carbon storage, areas for livestock grazing, and regulation of floods and landslides. At the same time, mountain ecosystems are particularly vulnerable to climate change.
 

Alpine vegetation consists of several important groups of organisms; including primary producers such as shrubs, herbs, grasses, mosses, and lichens, and decomposers such as bacteria and fungi. To understand how climate change affects the whole ecosystem, we must understand both the direct effects of climate and climate change on each of these groups, and how climate change affects the interactions between them. In FunCaB we will investigate this using field experiments. We will remove one or more groups to assess how the other groups are responding, and will do these experiments under different climate conditions so that we can assess the significance of climate for these interactions. The hypothesis is that competition between the different primary producers will dominate under relatively warm and productive conditions, while cooperation (facilitation) will dominate under cold and unproductive conditions. We also expect mosses to contribute more to productivity and carbon storage, and fungi contribute more to decomposition, under humid conditions.
The results of these experiments will be used in model simulations to predict the consequences of climate and climate change for biodiversity and carbon sequestration on a larger scale and under different future climate scenarios. The results will thus contribute to increased knowledge and feedbacks between terrestrial ecosystems and the climate system.

prosjektdeltakere

prosjektleder

Vigdis Vandvik

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektleder
    ved Institutt for biovitenskap ved Universitetet i Bergen

Siri Lie Olsen

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Miljøvitenskap og naturforvaltning ved Norges miljø- og biovitenskapelige universitet
  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Oslo ved Norsk institutt for naturforskning

Kari Klanderud

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Miljøvitenskap og naturforvaltning ved Norges miljø- og biovitenskapelige universitet

Aud Helen Halbritter Rechsteiner

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Institutt for biovitenskap ved Universitetet i Bergen

Lise Øvreås

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Institutt for biovitenskap ved Universitetet i Bergen
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Resultater Resultater

Eco-climatological experiments in the field and in the laboratory.

Vandvik, Vigdis; Halbritter Rechsteiner, Aud Helen; Måren, Inger Elisabeth; Meineri, Eric Pierre F; Olsen, Siri Lie; Töpper, Joachim Paul; Velle, Liv Guri; Klanderud, Kari; Skarpaas, Olav; Telford, Richard mfl.. 2017, 2nd Annual Seminar on Terrestrial Ecological Climatology. NMBU, MF, NINA, UIO, UIBVitenskapelig foredrag

Konsekvenser av klimaendringer: Hva skjer når fjellplanter flyttes til et varmere og våtere klima? .

Vandvik, Vigdis; Althuizen, Inge; Jaroszynska, Francesca Orinda Holl; Meineri, Eric Pierre F; Olsen, Siri Lie; Töpper, Joachim Paul; Halbritter Rechsteiner, Aud Helen; Klanderud, Kari; Skarpaas, Olav; Telford, Richard mfl.. 2017, Consequences of Climate Change. NMBU, NINA, UIO, UIBVitenskapelig foredrag

Integrating experimental and gradient approaches to study CC impacts on plants.

Vandvik, Vigdis; Althuizen, Inge; Goldberg, Deborah E; Haugum, Siri Vatsø; Jaroszynska, Francesca Orinda Holl; Klanderud, Kari; Lee, Hanna; Måren, Inger Elisabeth; Meineri, Eric Pierre F; Olsen, Siri Lie mfl.. 2017, PhD defence of Liis Kasari. NMBU, MF, UIO, NINA, UIBVitenskapelig foredrag

Shifts in biotic interactions with climate in semi-natural grasslands in Western Norway.

Jaroszynska, Francesca Orinda Holl; Vandvik, Vigdis; Olsen, Siri Lie; Klanderud, Kari. 2017, 60th International Symposium of the International Association of Vegetation Science. NMBU, NINA, UIBPoster

Ecosystem responses and feedbacks to climate change - lessons from terrestrial ecology?

Vandvik, Vigdis; Althuizen, Inge; Goldberg, Deborah E; Haugum, Siri Vatsø; Jaroszynska, Francesca Orinda Holl; Klanderud, Kari; Lee, Hanna; Måren, Inger Elisabeth; Meineri, Eric Pierre F; Olsen, Siri Lie mfl.. 2018, Bjerknes Away-days. NMBU, MF, NINA, UIO, UIBVitenskapelig foredrag
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