Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 532181
Sist endret: 29. april 2019 08:02
Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 532181
Sist endret: 29. april 2019 08:02
Prosjekt

A study of personality, trauma and health in the Norwegian population (NorPop)

prosjektleder

Inger Schou Bredal
ved Universitetet i Oslo

prosjekteier / koordinerende forskningsansvarlig enhet

  • Universitetet i Oslo

Tidsramme

Aktivt
Start: 30. september 2014 Slutt: 31. desember 2022

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

A study of personality, trauma and health in the Norwegian population (NorPop)

Vitenskapelig sammendrag

In Norway people are traumatized every day, but the extent of this is unknown. Individual differences may be crucial why some people develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and others do not. One possible factor may be ones personality. During the last decades, the influence of personality factors like dispositional optimism has attracted growing interest. Optimism has been associated with better health, both mentally and physically. Therefore, we assume that low level of optimism (i.e. Pessimism) is associated with PTSD, fatigue and fear of flying. The Life Orientation Test Revised (LOT-R) is often used to measure the personality trait optimism-pessimism. Only two studies one from Germany and one from South America have been identified that provide norm data for the LOT-R. However, data from one country cannot simply be transferred to another. To interpret findings from studies of different populations in Norway, one needs norm data the general Norwegian population. The study intends to provide norm data for LOT-R, mapping prevalence of trauma, fear of flying and examine relationships between optimism, PTSD, fatigue and fear of flying.

Metode

The Norwegian Population Study (NorPop) was designed to gather data for research into population health on a wide variety of conditions and provide norm data for questionnaires used in research for patients reported outcome measures.  A representative sample of the Norwegian general population was selected with the assistance of the Central National Register, representative of the entire Norwegian population. Norway is divided into 19 counties. Data collection took place in each of these counties. Persons fulfilling the inclusion criteria (age at or above 18, registered as a Norwegian citizens) were randomly selected. The sample is representative in terms of age, gender and education. All subjects received written information with regard to the study, an invitation to participate and a comprehensive questionnaire.

prosjektdeltakere

prosjektleder
Aktiv cristin-person

Inger Schou Bredal

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektleder
    ved Universitetet i Oslo
  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Oslo universitetssykehus HF

Tine Kristin Grimholt

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Universitetet i Oslo
Aktiv cristin-person

Tore Bonsaksen

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved OsloMet - storbyuniversitetet

Dag Hofoss

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Universitetet i Oslo

Laila Skogstad

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Oslo universitetssykehus HF
  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved OsloMet - storbyuniversitetet
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Resultater Resultater

Flight anxiety reported from 1986 to 2015.

Grimholt, Tine Kristin; Bonsaksen, Tore; Bredal, Inger Schou; Heir, Trond; Lerdal, Anners; Skogstad, Laila; Ekeberg, Øivind. 2019, Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance. VID, OSLOMET, UIO, OUSVitenskapelig artikkel

Self-evaluated anxiety in the Norwegian population: Prevalence and associated factors.

Bonsaksen, Tore; Heir, Trond; Ekeberg, Øivind; Grimholt, Tine Kristin; Lerdal, Anners; Skogstad, Laila; Bredal, Inger Schou. 2019, Archives of Public Health. VID, NKVTS, OSLOMET, UIO, LDS, OUSVitenskapelig artikkel

Optimists report fewer physical and mental health conditions than pessimists in the general Norwegian population.

Bredal, Inger Schou; Bonsaksen, Tore; Heir, Trond; Skogstad, Laila; Lerdal, Anners; Grimholt, Tine Kristin; Ekeberg, Øivind. 2019, Health Psychology Report. VID, OSLOMET, UIO, OUSVitenskapelig artikkel

Self-diagnosed depression in the Norwegian general population - associations with neuroticism, extraversion, optimism, and general self-efficacy .

Bonsaksen, Tore; Grimholt, Tine Kristin; Skogstad, Laila; Lerdal, Anners; Ekeberg, Øivind; Heir, Trond; Bredal, Inger Schou. 2018, BMC Public Health. VID, NKVTS, OSLOMET, UIO, LDS, OUSVitenskapelig artikkel

General self-efficacy in the Norwegian population: Differences and similarities between sociodemographic groups.

Bonsaksen, Tore; Lerdal, Anners; Heir, Trond; Ekeberg, Øivind; Skogstad, Laila; Grimholt, Tine Kristin; Bredal, Inger Schou. 2018, Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. VID, NKVTS, OSLOMET, UIO, LDS, OUSVitenskapelig artikkel
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