Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 541711
Sist endret: 28. juni 2017 15:18
Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 541711
Sist endret: 28. juni 2017 15:18
Prosjekt

HUMANOR - HUMan-ANimal Relations Under Climate Change in NORthern Eurasia

prosjektleder

Bruce Forbes
ved Lapin yliopisto

prosjekteier / koordinerende forskningsansvarlig enhet

  • Lapin yliopisto

Tidsramme

Avsluttet
Start: 1. januar 2015 Slutt: 31. desember 2018

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

HUMANOR - HUMan-ANimal Relations Under Climate Change in NORthern Eurasia

Vitenskapelig sammendrag

Climate warming will instigate societal transformations in the 21st century. The Arctic has undergone profound climatic fluctuations in past
centuries, when indigenous Saami, Nenets and Evenki shifted from hunters to herders. People and wild or semi-domestic reindeer have
maintained a constant presence in the northern taiga and tundra zones from Fennoscandia to Eastern Siberia. Some indigenous
social-ecological systems (SESs) have proven resilient in space and time, yet most are considered at risk. With the Arctic warming faster
than lower latitudes, there is an urgent need to increase our understanding of response capacities locally, regionally and internationally. This
calls for a long-term perspective to place human-animal relations in their respective contexts. In recent decades and centuries drivers of
social-ecological transformations have gone beyond climate variation to encompass land use change, governance institutions, legislation
and markets. An ancient livelihood still practiced across vast areas of N Eurasia, reindeer herding is a nexus for feedbacks between humans,
animals and environment. Truly integrative studies on societal transformation in reindeer-related SESs across several scales and sectors
can provide key insights into humans as active agents or passive receptors of change. Comparative analyses in the post-WWII era are
needed for innovative solutions to complex SESs experiencing multiple stresses. Even at low human population densities, large reindeer
herds can alter ecosystem structure and function. Projecting future transformations requires the retrospective partitioning of: (1)
socio-economic and political from climate drivers over decadal scales; and (2) human-animal agency from climate drivers over centennial
scales. Robust analyses must: (1) be made in contrasting SESs across diverse geographic scales; and (2) account for heterogeneous
perceptions of risk concerning the future viability of reindeer herding in the European Research Area.

prosjektdeltakere

prosjektleder

Bruce Forbes

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektleder
    ved Lapin yliopisto

Natalia Viktorovna Fedorova

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Russland

Kjell-Åke Aronsson

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Sverige

David Andersson

  • Tilknyttet:
    Lokalt ansvarlig
    ved University of Aberdeen

Andrei Florin Marin

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Norges miljø- og biovitenskapelige universitet
  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Institutt for internasjonale miljø- og utviklingsstudier ved Norges miljø- og biovitenskapelige universitet
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