Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 569025
Sist endret: 18. desember 2017 11:26
Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 569025
Sist endret: 18. desember 2017 11:26
Prosjekt

Breaking the curse? The politics of drought in the Brazilian Northeast

prosjektleder

Yuri Kasahara
ved By- og regionforskningsinstituttet NIBR ved OsloMet - storbyuniversitetet

prosjekteier / koordinerende forskningsansvarlig enhet

  • OsloMet - storbyuniversitetet

Finansiering

  • TotalbudsjettNOK 7.000.000
  • Norges forskningsråd

    • Prosjektkode: 250900

Klassifisering

Vitenskapsdisipliner

Statsvitenskap og organisasjonsteori

Emneord

Lokal politikk • Tørke • Latin-Amerika • Development Studes

Kategorier

Prosjektkategori

  • Grunnforskning

Tidsramme

Aktivt
Start: 1. desember 2016 Slutt: 1. desember 2020

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Breaking the curse? The politics of drought in the Brazilian Northeast

Populærvitenskapelig sammendrag

How have decades of government interventions to combat the effects of
drought interacted with politics and local governance in Northeast Brazil?
Preliminary quantitative evidence indicates that large and sustained
federal anti-drought initiatives have improved the living conditions of
local populations in a very heterogeneous way. While some recipient
municipalities have managed to improve considerably their indicators in
comparison to non-recipient municipalities, others have failed terribly. Such
reality raises questions about which characteristics of these municipalities
explain why some of them perform better than others, particularly in a
region in Brazil described as being historically plagued by patronage and
clientelism. To understand the relationship between extreme weather-related
aid and local politics, we will apply a mix of methodologies: (i) a natural
experiment that allows us to compare otherwise similar municipalities that
have arbitrarily received substantially different amounts of government aid for
dealing with the effects of drought, (ii) surveys and embedded experiments
to measure the prevalence of clientelism, political manipulation of drought
relief, and other aspects of local governance, and (iii) paired comparisons
with selected municipalities in order to understand better the mechanisms
behind the different outcomes. The generated knowledge will help us to
answer important questions about how aid in general interacts with political
and institutional dynamics at the local level. Going beyond the common
knowledge that institutions matter, we aim to understand which scope
conditions and mechanisms contribute to disaster aid actually producing
a positive rather than a negative role in development and consolidation of
democratic institutions at the local level.

Vitenskapelig sammendrag

Our objective is to study how decades of government interventions to combat
the effects of drought have interacted with politics and local governance in
Northeast Brazil. Preliminary quantitative evidence indicates that large and
sustained federal anti-drought initiatives have improved the living conditions
of local populations in a very heterogeneous way. While some recipient
municipalities have managed to improve considerably their indicators in
comparison to non-recipient municipalities, others have failed terribly. Such
reality raises questions about which characteristics of these municipalities
explain why some of them perform better than others, particularly in a
region in Brazil described as being historically plagued by patronage and
clientelism. To understand the relationship between extreme weather-related
aid and local politics, we will apply a mix of methodologies: (i) a natural
experiment that allows us to compare otherwise similar municipalities that for arbitrary reasons have received substantially different amounts of
government aid for dealing with the effects of drought, (ii) surveys and
embedded experiments to measure the prevalence of clientelism, political
manipulation of drought relief, and other aspects of local governance, and
(iii) paired comparisons with selected municipalities in order to understand
better the mechanisms behind the different outcomes. The generated
knowledge will help us to answer important questions about how aid in
general interacts with political and institutional dynamics at the local level.
Going beyond the common knowledge that institutions matter, we aim to
understand which scope conditions and mechanisms contribute to disaster aid actually producing a positive rather than a negative role in development
and consolidation of democratic institutions at the local level.

prosjektdeltakere

prosjektleder
Aktiv cristin-person

Yuri Kasahara

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektleder
    ved By- og regionforskningsinstituttet NIBR ved OsloMet - storbyuniversitetet
Aktiv cristin-person

Marianne Millstein

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved By- og regionforskningsinstituttet NIBR ved OsloMet - storbyuniversitetet

Henrik Wiig

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved By- og regionforskningsinstituttet NIBR ved OsloMet - storbyuniversitetet

Fernando Daniel Hidalgo

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Taylor Boas

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Boston University
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