Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 576272
Sist endret: 29. januar 2018 10:44

Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 576272
Sist endret: 29. januar 2018 10:44
Prosjekt

Sensory stimulation for people with dementia

prosjektleder

Benedicte Sørensen Strøm
ved Senter for diakoni og profesjonell praksis ved VID vitenskapelige høgskole

prosjekteier / koordinerende forskningsansvarlig enhet

  • Senter for diakoni og profesjonell praksis ved VID vitenskapelige høgskole

Klassifisering

Vitenskapsdisipliner

Helsefag

Emneord

Kommunikasjon • Demens

HRCS-helsekategori

  • Andre

Kategorier

Prosjektkategori

  • Doktorgradsprosjekt

Tidsramme

Avsluttet
Start: 6. januar 2014 Slutt: 20. september 2017

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Sensory stimulation for people with dementia

Vitenskapelig sammendrag

The increase in communication difficulties among people living with dementia and their reduced ability to interpret sensory stimulation, emphasize the need to find appropriate interventions to overcome these challenges. A variety of sensory stimulation interventions has been developed; however, neither the effect of these interventions nor their characteristics are clear. In addition, strategies developed to improve communication in people with dementia are limited, as well as psychometrically tested communication scales to assess their communication ability.

 

Aims

The thesis has three aims

  • Provide an overview of available sensory stimulation interventions and their effect on persons with dementia and to present theoretical and methodological characteristics of the studies included (sub-study 1).
  • Investigate the psychometric properties of the Holden Communication Scale and the association between scores on the Holden Communication Scale and cognitive function among persons with dementia (sub-study 2).
  • Examine the effect of the Sonas programme on communication ability for people with moderate to severe dementia living in nursing homes and to explore if any effect could be related to cognitive function and different aspects of communication (sub-study 3).

 

Design

In order to achieve the above aims of the study, three sub-studies were conducted. The first sub-study was a literature review of sensory stimulation for people with dementia, whereas sub-study two was a psychometric evaluation of the Holden Communication Scale. The third sub-study was a randomized controlled trial, conducted over a period of 24 weeks.

Metode

Methods

Three different methods were used in the study. First, a search for available sensory stimulation interventions was performed, using CINAHL, PubMed (Medline), The Cochrane library and PsycINFO. The 55 studies included were subject to a quality assessment by means of the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme.

The psychometric evaluation of the Holden Communication Scale included 128 participants. Internal consistency was assessed by Cronbach’s alpha coefficient and inter-item correlations. To test the instrument’s stability a test-retest was carried out. An exploratory factor analysis with principal components extraction method and oblimin rotation was performed to evaluate construct validity. To explore associations between the scores on Holden Communication Scale and cognitive function, Pearson’s correlation coefficients were calculated.

            The three-armed (Sonas, reading and control group) randomized controlled trial, which included a sample of 120 people with dementia was performed. The study was conducted over a period 24 weeks and 105 completed follow-up assessments. The main outcome was change in communication abilities measured by the Holden Communication Scale 
 

prosjektdeltakere

prosjektleder
Aktiv cristin-person

Benedicte Sørensen Strøm

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektleder
    ved Senter for diakoni og profesjonell praksis ved VID vitenskapelige høgskole

Knut Arne Engedal

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Nasjonal kompetansetjeneste for aldring og helse ved Sykehuset i Vestfold HF

Ellen Karine Grov

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved OsloMet - storbyuniversitetet
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