Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 671768
Sist endret: 28. september 2021, 13:47

Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 671768
Sist endret: 28. september 2021, 13:47
Prosjekt

Inequality: Measurement, evolution, mechanism, and policies.

prosjektleder

Rolf Aaberge
ved Statistisk sentralbyrå

prosjekteier / koordinerende forskningsansvarlig enhet

  • Statistisk sentralbyrå

Finansiering

  • Norges forskningsråd
    Prosjektkode: 261985

Klassifisering

Vitenskapsdisipliner

Samfunnsøkonomi

Emneord

Ulikhet • Inntektsfordeling • Økonometriske og statistiske metoder: spesielle emner • Fattigdom • Lønns- og arbeidsbetingelser

Kategorier

Prosjektkategori

  • Anvendt forskning

Tidsramme

Avsluttet
Start: 1. desember 2017 Slutt: 30. november 2021

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Inequality: Measurement, evolution, mechanism, and policies.

Populærvitenskapelig sammendrag

This project aims at:
- (i) developing new theoretical and empirical methods for the study and assessment of economic inequality, poverty, and affluence. Our aim is to place these closely associated concepts within a common framework, which allows identification of the effect of poverty and affluence on inequality.

- (ii) discussing the distinction between inequality of outcomes and inequality of opportunity. It makes sense to say that both aspects of inequality are important. In this subproject we aim at developing social objection functions that escapes Arrow?s impossibility by relying on intuitive
principles of fairness.

- (iii) understanding the state and trends of income inequality in Norway, the EU countries, and the US;

- (iv) analysing specific policy recommendations, such as the introduction of a Universal Basic Income and various designs of Tax Credit regimes with particular focus on behavioural responses of different immigrant groups.

Vitenskapelig sammendrag

- (i) develop new theoretical and empirical methods for the study and assessment of economic inequality.

- (ii) to understand the state and trends of income inequality in Norway, the EU countries, and the US.

- (iii) to discuss specific policy recommendations, including some of those proposed by Atkinson in "Inequality: What can be done?"

The secondary objectives include:
- (i) a comparison of economic inequality across countries.
- (ii) an analysis of the stability of the Nordic and European welfare states against the observed evolution of inequality.

- (iii) an improved understanding of the causal mechanisms behind the persistence and evolution of economic inequality.

- (iv) the dissemination of the project results to support policy choices and achieve better-informed public debates.

The aim of this project is to advance our understanding of economic inequality.
Current analyses face major limitations. First, current measures of inequality are unable to account for fundamental aspects of inequality, such as holding individuals accountable for their choices and compensating them for their different needs. Second, debated empirical projects have mostly focused on the time trend of top-income inequality, paying less attention to the entire income distribution and cross-country variation. Third, the behavioral mechanisms behind the persistence and evolution of economic inequality
are only vaguely understood. These limitations hinder economists' and politicians' capacity to produce useful policy recommendations.

Our project addresses these limitations. First, it contributes to welfare economics and moral philosophy by developing fairness-sensitive measures of economic inequality, in light of the most recent advances in distributive justice.
Second, it employs detailed databases (Norwegian register data, EU-SILC, and US Census) to reevaluate the state and trends of income
inequality in Norway, the EU countries, and the US. Third, it investigates specific policy recommendations, such as the introduction of a universal basic income. Importantly, for the correct evaluation of redistributive policies,the project will also expend considerable effort in analyzing the causal mechanisms behind the persistence and evolution of income inequality.As part of the project, we will strive to communicate and disseminate our results both inside and outside of the academic community, hoping to raise a larger interest and to feed politicians and public debates with transparent information about economic inequality.

Metode

Dissemination of results will rest on four pillars:

i) international academic publications;

ii) national publications in Norwegian;

iii) presentations at academic seminars and conferences and interaction with and presentation for policy makers, government bodies and relevant organizations;

iv) participation in the public debate.

The project will involve at least 10 academic publications to be submitted to international research journals in economics. To make the results available in the national policy debate, we will publish articles in Norwegian both in national general interest journals and in reports disseminated by Statistics Norway.

The project participants present extensively at academic seminars and conferences, at both national and international universities and at research institutions, government bodies and departments and other relevant organizations. This platform will be important to present the results for a wide audience both in government, policy, and academia.

To disseminate our results to the general population, we will write about our results in the column of national newspapers and will work with the communications officer at Statistics Norway to develop a strategy for placing particularly interesting results in the general media.

Tittel

Ulikhet: Måling, utvikling, mekanismer og politikk

Populærvitenskapelig sammendrag

De viktigste målene med dette prosjektet er å:
- (i) utvikle nye metoder for måling av ulikhet, fattigdom og rikdom, og utnytte det nære slektskapet mellom disse tre begrepene til å lage et verktøy som muliggjør identifikasjon av effekten hhv fattigdom og rikdom på ulikhet.

- (ii) klargjøre forskjellen mellom ulikhet i utfall og ulikhet i muligheter. Formålet med dette delprosjektet er å utvikle et evalueringsverktøy som respekterer preferansene til individene i samfunnet ved å støtte seg til intuitive prinsipper for rettferdighet.

- (iii)bidra til å forklare forskjellene mellom og utviklingen i ulikhet i Norge, EU-landene og USA.

- (iv) analysere effekten på arbeidstilbud, fattigdom og ulikhet av å innføre garantert minsteinntekt (borgerlønn) for befolkningen og effekten av lavere beskatning av arbeidsinntekter enn av trygder og andre skattbare inntekter.

prosjektdeltakere

prosjektleder
Aktiv cristin-person

Rolf Aaberge

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektleder
    ved Statistisk sentralbyrå

Paolo Giovanni Piacquadio

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Økonomisk institutt ved Universitetet i Oslo
Aktiv cristin-person

Karl Ove Moene

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Økonomisk institutt ved Universitetet i Oslo
Aktiv cristin-person

Edda Torsdatter Solbakken

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Forskningsavdelingen, Arbeidsmarked og skatt ved Statistisk sentralbyrå
Aktiv cristin-person

Magne Mogstad

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Forskningsavdelingen, Arbeidsmarked og skatt ved Statistisk sentralbyrå
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Resultater Resultater

Skjult vekst for dei rike.

Aaberge, Rolf; Årseth, Martin; Hinna, Anne Kari. 2020, SSBIntervju

Hadia tajik om sjokkrapport: hårreisende. .

Aaberge, Rolf; Mosveen, Eirik; Fjellanger, Runa. 2020, SSBIntervju

SSB-forskere: Det er de aller rikeste som betaler minst skatt i Norge.

Aaberge, Rolf; Amundsen, Bård. 2020, SSBIntervju
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