Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 674850
Sist endret: 9. oktober 2019 10:22

Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 674850
Sist endret: 9. oktober 2019 10:22
Prosjekt

Connected Histories - Contested Values. World Lutheranism and Decolonisation: Processes of Transloyalties, 1919-1970 (CHCV)

prosjektleder

Frieder Ludwig
ved Fakultet for teologi, diakoni og ledelsesfag ved VID vitenskapelige høgskole

prosjekteier / koordinerende forskningsansvarlig enhet

  • Fakultet for teologi, diakoni og ledelsesfag ved VID vitenskapelige høgskole

Klassifisering

Vitenskapsdisipliner

Historie

Emneord

Misjon • Kirke og skole • Diakoni • Lutherdom

Kategorier

Prosjektkategori

  • Internt prosjekt

Tidsramme

Aktivt
Start: 1. april 2020 Slutt: 1. april 2023

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Connected Histories - Contested Values. World Lutheranism and Decolonisation: Processes of Transloyalties, 1919-1970 (CHCV)

Populærvitenskapelig sammendrag

The research project analyses negotiation processes between various Lutheran churches and other stakeholders in education and health care with a focus on values and loyalties from 1919 to 1970. In its polycentric approach, it starts with the period after World War I, when the concept of “European civilization” was shaken and new projects were initiated. The period ends with decolonisation after World War II, the consequences of which were for the first time seriously discussed at the LWF Assembly in Evian (July 1970).

How did Lutherans in different contexts (re-)construct their values in these changing circumstances? How did they negotiate them with political, ecclesial and other stakeholders? How did they deal with competing loyalties?  The project examines these discourses in South Africa, Madagascar, China, Norway and Germany– countries connected by Lutheran educational and health care work. It examines how Lutherans related to processes of decolonization and constructs of “modernity” and analyses the vast spectrum of positions between adaption, self-assertion, emancipation and resistance. A focus on loyalties, competing loyalties and indeed transloyalties can help to throw new light on these processes.

Vitenskapelig sammendrag

Mission organizations and churches have been main providers of education and of health care. These areas were important for the negotiations of values in transcultural contact zones: To whom should the various stakeholders be loyal - to mission organizations, churches, ecumenical bodies, colonial states, ethnic groups or national movements?   CHCV investigates discourses in South Africa, Madagascar, China, Norway and Germany and examines how they related to processes of decolonization and constructs of “modernity”. It highlights African and Asian voices and provincializes Europe. It introduces the new key concept of transloyalties to analyse these multifaceted negotiation processes in different contact zones.

What was the meaning of key Lutheran terms such as ‘Sin’, ‘Forgiveness’,  ‘Partnership’, ‘Healing’,  ‘Literacy’  in various contexts? How were Lutheran key terminologies such as the ‘Freedom of a Christian’, ‘Two Kingdoms’, ‘Justification by Grace’ translated and used in education?

CHCV will analyse the question of identity/loyalty especially in the areas of education/literacy and health/diakonia.  It will identify the major turning points and the introduction or re-invention of key terms. It aims to show how they work differently in different contexts and at different periods and analyse conflicts and processes of change. 

By focusing on connections and negotiation processes in various contact zones, where alliances, partial alliances and separations were created and notions of Lutheranism were accepted, transformed or contested, CHCV introduces a new multifaceted and multilayered approach.  Subrahmanyam’s idea of “Connected history» (1999) is helpful, because it analyses modes of interaction “between the local and regional level on the one hand and a supra-regional level on the other hand.” According to Subrahmanyam, the study of multifaceted interactions can be an alternative to the atomization of our objects of study.

With its innovative approach on processes of transloyalties in World Lutheranism, the project aims to contribute to the history of mission and World Christianity, on diaconal, postcolonial and religious studies.

Metode

CHCV will use the Mission and Diakonia Archives, VID (MDA) in Stavanger, as well as material from other important archives in Madagascar, China, South Africa, Germany, Switzerland and the USA as a first basis. It will analyse correspondence, records of meetings as well as diaries - with the aim to carefully reconstruct the various voices in World Lutheranism and its negotiation partners. The Lutheran World Conventions (from Eisenach 1923 to Evian 1970) and the discussions evolving around initiatives in  education and health care will serve as a framework – with the aim to find out what is going on beyond these negotiations in the selected countries. In order to add hitherto unheard voices, CHCV will also collect sources via methods of oral history.

The methods of critical discourse analysis will be employed in order to read history against the grain and to make hegemonic and counter-hegemonic narratives that form part of larger power struggles visible (Achugar 2017).  CHCV will research the various levels of interactions and analyse the documents of the Lutheran World Assemblies by reading between the lines; it will then look into regional African, Asian and European Lutheran Conferences, into local meetings and encounters in contact zones. CHCV will analyse archival documents with a focus on transculturation, and it will strive to add to the knowledge of communicative as well as of «cultural memory» of local Lutheranisms by using methods of oral history, participant observation and by studying various commemorative markers, such as sites of memory, ceremonies, anniversaries, and art (cf. J. Assman 2005, A. Assmann 2011).

The project includes two European countries in order to show that, as in Africa and Asia, the discourses were also there culturally and historically conditioned. In this way, Europe will not be or absolutized, and the examples of Norway and Germany make it clear that there were different loyalties and different forms of Lutheranism. There was also an impact on these countries by the unintended “reverse effects of mission” – perhaps most noticeable in the increased interest on Buddhism to which Karl Ludvig Reichelt and his Nordic Christian Buddhist mission contributed.

Since it is the objective of CHCV to analyse not only different perspectives in the past, but also the past from different perspectives, international cooperation is central for the project from its inception: The project will be conducted in cooperation with institutions in Madagascar, South Africa, China, and Germany.

prosjektdeltakere

prosjektleder

Frieder Ludwig

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektleder
    ved Fakultet for teologi, diakoni og ledelsesfag ved VID vitenskapelige høgskole
Aktiv cristin-person

Ellen Vea Rosnes

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Fakultet for teologi, diakoni og ledelsesfag ved VID vitenskapelige høgskole

Joar Haga

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Fakultet for teologi, diakoni og ledelsesfag ved VID vitenskapelige høgskole
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