Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 683465
Sist endret: 27. februar 2020 15:42

Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 683465
Sist endret: 27. februar 2020 15:42
Prosjekt

Integrated Carbon Observation System (ICOS)-Norway and Ocean Thematic Centre

prosjektleder

Siv Kari Lauvset
ved NORCE Norwegian Research Centre AS

prosjekteier / koordinerende forskningsansvarlig enhet

  • NORCE Norwegian Research Centre AS

Finansiering

  • Norges forskningsråd
    Prosjektkode: 245927

Tidsramme

Aktivt
Start: 1. april 2016 Slutt: 31. mars 2021

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Integrated Carbon Observation System (ICOS)-Norway and Ocean Thematic Centre

Populærvitenskapelig sammendrag

KNOWLEDGE THROUGH OBSERVATIONS

Integrated Carbon Observation System (ICOS) is a European research infrastructure forming an observation system that will measure and assess atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations ensuring independent and reliable carbon measurements. Through observations, ICOS aims to provide knowledge on how societies have succeeded in reducing their greenhouse gas emissions and how emissions are regionally distributed.
ICOS-Norway is the Norwegian component of ICOS. It will deliver standardized and high-quality carbon data from different sites and platforms as soon as the installation of infrastructure and instrumentation is complete. The new observation system will be an important tool to verify Norway and EU's efforts to mitigate climate change.
The Norwegian sites include towers for air measurements in southern Norway and at Svalbard, a forest station in south-eastern Norway (Hurdal), and the use of two research ships and two commercial ships in the North Atlantic, the Nordic Seas, and areas around Svalbard. Data from the various platforms are integrated and made available to carbon system scientists and various interested parties such as research communities, national agencies, oil and energy companies, and fisheries. ICOS emphasizes free and open access to data and visualizations for easy understanding.
ICOS-Norway is coordinated by NORCE, with partners at UiB, NILU, NIBIO, NPI, IMR, and CICERO.

The Ocean Thematic Centre (OTC) is one of four central facilities within ICOS. The marine element of ICOS provides long-term oceanic observations, which are required to understand the present state and better predict future behaviour of the global carbon cycle and climate-relevant gas emissions. The OTC currently coordinates twenty-one ocean stations from seven countries monitoring carbon uptake and fluxes in the North Atlantic, Nordic Seas, Baltic, and the Mediterranean Sea. Measuring methods include sampling from research vessels, moorings, buoys, and commercial vessels that have been equipped with state of the art carbonate system sensors. The objective is to ensure high quality measurements of greenhouse gas concentrations that are independent, transparent and reliable. In turn, this monitoring system will support governments in their efforts to mitigate climate change as well as holding them accountable for reaching their mitigation targets. The OTC is jointly hosted by NORCE, University of Bergen, University of Exeter, and National Oceanography Centre.

ICOS Norway and OTC was officially launched in April 2016.

prosjektdeltakere

prosjektleder

Siv Kari Lauvset

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektleder
    ved NORCE Norwegian Research Centre AS

Christine Groot Zwaaftink

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved NILU - Norsk institutt for luftforskning

Jan Ivar Korsbakken

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved CICERO Senter for klimaforskning

Stephen Matthew Platt

  • Tilknyttet:
    Lokalt ansvarlig
    ved NILU - Norsk institutt for luftforskning

Gerrit Benjamin Pfeil

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Universitetet i Bergen
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Resultater Resultater

Winter weather controls net influx of atmospheric CO2 on the north-west European shelf.

Kitidis, Vassilis; Shutler, Jamie D.; Ashton, Ian; Warren, Mark; Brown, Ian; Findlay, Helen S.; Hartman, Sue E.; Sanders, Richard; Humphreys, Matthew P.; Kivimäe, Caroline mfl.. 2019, Scientific Reports. SORBONNE, NUI, NORCE, CEFAS, UoE, CNRS-SBR, HCG, PML, VLIZ, UIB, AFBI, UoL, AWI, IFREMER, GEOMAR, NOCS, RG, IRD, MARINEVitenskapelig artikkel

Global carbon budget 2019.

Friedlingstein, Pierre; Jones, Matthew W.; O'Sullivan, Michael; Andrew, Robbie; Hauck, Judith; Peters, Glen Philip; Peters, Wouter; Pongratz, Julia; Sitch, Stephen; Le Quéré, Corinne mfl.. 2019, Earth System Science Data. CSIRO, LM, NCAR, PU, NOAA, RAS, LSCE, UA, NIES, UB, UNIVMARYL, PBL, TCCCR, SORBONNE, ETHZ, NORCE, MPI-M, Lu, UIB, AU, WUR, RG, UTAS, MPIBGC, KIT, ENSCACHAN, LLB, UoE, Ens, UoI, VLIZ, UoM, AWI, JAPAN, UoR, TUoHK, ECCC, NIWA, SU, ASU, VUA, METOFFICE, NASA, JAMSTEC, WHRC, UoCaB, FRANKRIKE, IOW, GEOMAR, FAO, CICERO, UoEAVitenskapelig artikkel

Constraining the oceanic uptake and fluxes of greenhouse gases by building an ocean network of certified stations: The ocean component of the Integrated Carbon Observation System, ICOS-Oceans.

Steinhoff, Tobias; Gkritzalis, Thanos; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Jones, Stephen Daniel; Schuster, Ute; Olsen, Are; Becker, Meike; Bozzano, Roberto; Brunetti, Fabio; Cantoni, Carolina mfl.. 2019, Frontiers in Marine Science. Uu, NATSCIENCE, NORCE, NOC, CNR, NPI, UoE, PML, UIB, VLIZ, IOW, AWI, CNRS, UdBO, GEOMAR, RG, UPMC, OGSVitenskapelig oversiktsartikkel/review

A surface ocean CO2 reference network, SOCONET and associated marine boundary layer CO2 measurements.

Wanninkhof, Rik; Pickers, Penelope A.; Omar, Abdirahman; Sutton, Adrienne; Murata, Akihiko; Olsen, Are; Stephens, Britton B.; Tilbrook, Bronte; Munro, David; Pierrot, Denis mfl.. 2019, Frontiers in Marine Science. CSIRO, LDEO, NCAR, NOAA, UdLPdGC, UoE, NIES, UoM, AWI, UPMC, UoW, JMA, NIWA, NORCE, CUitCoNY, USC, JAMSTEC, UoCaB, UIB, IOW, CNRS, BIOS, GEOMAR, PAN, UoEAVitenskapelig oversiktsartikkel/review

ICOS Norway – a carbon cycle infrastructure.

Lauvset, Siv Kari; Myhre, Cathrine Lund; Lange, Holger; Olsen, Are; Stohl, Andreas. 2019, EGU General Assembly 2019. NIBIO, NILU, NORCE, UIBPoster
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