Cristin-resultat-ID: 1081391
Sist endret: 21. januar 2015 15:28
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2013
Vitenskapelig artikkel

Prevalence and risk factors for postpartum depressive symptoms in Argentina - a cross sectional study

  • Siv Elin Mathisen
  • Kari Glavin
  • Lars Lien og
  • Per Lagerløv


International Journal of Women's Health
ISSN 1179-1411
e-ISSN 1179-1411
NVI-nivå 1

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2013
Publisert online: 2013
Volum: 2013:5
Sider: 787 - 793
Open Access

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse


Prevalence and risk factors for postpartum depressive symptoms in Argentina - a cross sectional study


Introduction: Postpartum depression is a prevalent disorder with negative consequences for women, infants, and the family as a whole. Most studies of this disorder have been conducted in Western countries, and studies from developing countries are few. In this paper, we report the first – as far as we are aware – study of the prevalence and risk factors associated with postpartum depressive symptoms in Argentina. Materials and methods: The study participants were 86 women attending 6 week check-ups, (range 4–12 weeks) postpartum at a private health care center in the metropolitan area of Buenos Aires. The women completed the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and a questionnaire collecting demographic and obstetric data. Data were described as proportions (percentages). Differences between proportions were assessed with chi-squared tests. To control for possible confounders, we fitted bivariate logistic regression models in which the dependent variable was an EPDS sum score of ,10 versus a score of $10. Results: We found a high prevalence of depressive symptoms. A total of 32 women (37.2%) had an EPDS score of $10, 16 (18.6%) had a score between 10 and 12, and 16 (18.6%) had a score of $13. In our sample, an EPDS score of $10 was significantly associated with multiparity (odds ratio [OR] =3.58; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.13–11.30; P=0.030), pregnancy complications (OR =3.40; 95% CI: 1.03–11.26; P=0.045), labor complications (OR =11.43; 95% CI: 1.71–76.61; P=0.012), cesarean section (OR =4.19; 95% CI: 1.10–16.01; P=0.036), and incomplete breast-feeding (OR =5.00; 95% CI: 1.42–17.54; P=0.012). Conclusion: Our results indicate that postpartum depression may be prevalent in Argentina, and may be associated with incomplete breast-feeding, cesarean section, perinatal complications and multiparity. The prevalence and risk factors for postpartum depression has not been described previously and is a considerable health-related problem among women. Argentinian health professionals should be aware of the high prevalence rate and possible risk factors so that these women and families can be identified and receive adequate support and treatment.


Siv Elin Pignatiello

Bidragsyterens navn vises på dette resultatet som Siv Elin Mathisen
  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Akuttpsykiatrisk døgnenhet ved Diakonhjemmet sykehus

Kari Glavin

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Fakultet for helsefag ved VID vitenskapelige høgskole

Lars Lien

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Institutt for folkehelse- og idrettsvitenskap ved Høgskolen i Innlandet
  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Div Psykisk helsevern ved Sykehuset Innlandet HF
Inaktiv cristin-person

Per Lagerløv

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Avdeling for allmennmedisin ved Universitetet i Oslo
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