Cristin-resultat-ID: 1150750
Sist endret: 28. oktober 2016 16:37
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2014
Resultat
Vitenskapelig artikkel
2014

Open drug scenes: responses of five European cities

Bidragsytere:
  • Helge Waal
  • Thomas Clausen
  • Linn Renathe Gjersing og
  • Michael Gossop

Tidsskrift

BMC Public Health
ISSN 1471-2458
e-ISSN 1471-2458
NVI-nivå 1

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2014
Publisert online: 2014
Volum: 14
Hefte: 853
Open Access

Importkilder

Scopus-ID: 2-s2.0-84908285712

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Open drug scenes: responses of five European cities

Sammendrag

Open drug scenes are gatherings of drug users who publicly consume and deal drugs. The authors conducted a study of five European cities that have met such scenes constructively. The aim was to investigate shared and non-shared interventions and strategies in order to increase the understanding of this type of problem. First a description was made for the cities of Amsterdam, Frankfurt, Vienna, Zürich and Lisbon. These descriptions were sent to contact persons in each city prior to visit by the researchers. The methods and strategies in each city were discussed and core choices and efforts extracted. A report was sent to the contact group for corrections and clarifications. The paper analyses shared and non-shared traits and strategies. All of the cities had initially a period with conflict between liberal and restrictive policies. A political consensus seems to be a prerequisite for effective action. A core shared characteristic was that drug dependence was met as a health problem and drug use behaviour as a public nuisance problem. Low threshold health services including opioid maintenance treatment were combined with outreach social work and effective policing. Prevention, harm reduction and treatment should be combined with law enforcement based on cooperation between police, health care and social services. The aim should be "coexistence" between society and users of illegal substances and the strategy based on several years planning and conjoint efforts. The solutions are found in appropriate combinations of harm reduction and restrictive measures.

Bidragsytere

Helge Waal

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Klinikk psykisk helse og avhengighet ved Oslo universitetssykehus HF
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Senter for rus- og avhengighetsforskning ved Universitetet i Oslo

Thomas Clausen

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Senter for rus- og avhengighetsforskning ved Universitetet i Oslo
Aktiv cristin-person

Linn Gjersing

Bidragsyterens navn vises på dette resultatet som Linn Renathe Gjersing
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Avdeling for rusmidler og tobakk ved Folkehelseinstituttet

Michael Gossop

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved King's College London, University of London
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Senter for rus- og avhengighetsforskning ved Universitetet i Oslo
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