Cristin-resultat-ID: 1166550
Sist endret: 23. februar 2015 15:33
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2014
Resultat
Vitenskapelig artikkel
2014

Large scale modelling of salmon lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) infection pressure based on lice monitoring data from Norwegian salmonid farms

Bidragsytere:
  • Anja Bråthen Kristoffersen
  • Daniel Delgado Jimenez
  • Hildegunn Viljugrein
  • Randi Grøntvedt
  • Audun Stien og
  • Peder A Jansen

Tidsskrift

Epidemics
ISSN 1755-4365
e-ISSN 1878-0067
NVI-nivå 1

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2014
Publisert online: 2014
Volum: 9
Sider: 31 - 39
Open Access

Importkilder

Scopus-ID: 2-s2.0-84908072507

Klassifisering

Emneord

Fisk

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Large scale modelling of salmon lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) infection pressure based on lice monitoring data from Norwegian salmonid farms

Sammendrag

Infection by parasitic sea lice is a substantial problem in industrial scale salmon farming. To controlthe problem, Norwegian salmonid farms are not permitted to exceed a threshold level of infection ontheir fish, and farms are required to monitor and report lice levels on a weekly basis to ensure compliancewith the regulation. In the present study, we combine the monitoring data with a deterministic model forsalmon lice population dynamics to estimate farm production of infectious lice stages. Furthermore, weuse an empirical estimate of the relative risk of salmon lice transmission between farms, that depend oninter-farm distances, to estimate the external infection pressure at a farm site, i.e. the infection pressurefrom infective salmon lice of neighbouring farm origin. Finally, we test whether our estimates of infectionpressure from neighbouring farms as well as internal within farm infection pressure, predicts subsequentdevelopment of infection in cohorts of farmed salmonids in their initial phase of marine production. Wefind that estimated external infection pressure is a main predictor of salmon lice population dynamicsin newly stocked cohorts of salmonids. Our results emphasize the importance of keeping the productionof infectious lice stages at low levels within local networks of salmon farms. Our model can easily beimplemented for real time estimation of infection pressure at the national scale, utilizing the masses ofdata generated through the compulsory lice monitoring in salmon farms. The implementation of such asystem should give the salmon industry greater predictability with respect to salmon lice infection levels,and aid the decision making process when the development of new farm sites are planned.© 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-NDlicense (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/). Parasites, Spatial models, Infective stages, Density effects, Aquaculture

Bidragsytere

Anja Bråthen Kristoffersen

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Forskningsgruppen for biomedisinsk informatikk ved Universitetet i Oslo
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Epidemiologi ved Veterinærinstituttet

Daniel Delgado Jimenez

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Epidemiologi ved Veterinærinstituttet
Aktiv cristin-person

Hildegunn Viljugrein

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Institutt for biovitenskap ved Universitetet i Oslo
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis ved Universitetet i Oslo
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Epidemiologi ved Veterinærinstituttet

Randi Grøntvedt

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Miljø- og smittetiltak ved Veterinærinstituttet

Audun Stien

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved NINA Tromsø ved Norsk institutt for naturforskning
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