Cristin-resultat-ID: 1175086
Sist endret: 26. mars 2017 12:53
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2015
Resultat
Vitenskapelig artikkel
2015

Associations between human values and alcohol consumption among Norwegians in the second half of life

Bidragsytere:
  • Trond Nordfjærn og
  • Geir Scott Brunborg

Tidsskrift

Substance Use & Misuse
ISSN 1082-6084
e-ISSN 1532-2491
NVI-nivå 1

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2015
Volum: 50
Hefte: 10
Sider: 1284 - 1293
Open Access

Importkilder

Scopus-ID: 2-s2.0-84945466993

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Associations between human values and alcohol consumption among Norwegians in the second half of life

Sammendrag

Previous studies investigating human values and alcohol consumption have focused on adolescents, so the current study examined associations between human values and alcohol consumption in a cohort of Norwegians in the second half of life (40 years and above). Human values were studied within Schwartz’ theory [Schwartz, S. H. (1992). Universals in the Content and Structure of Values: Theory and Empirical Tests in 20 Countries. In M. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in Experimental Social Psychology (Vol. 25, pp. 1-65). New York: Academic Press.] A survey was conducted in 2002/2003 among Norwegians aged 40 to 79 years (n = 4 149). The respondents completed measures of human values, drinking frequency and typical drinking quantity. Females (9%) were more likely to report abstinence than males (3%). Males also reported a higher consumption level. Individuals with high education had lower levels of abstinence (4%) than those with basic education (7%), and high education was also related to more consumption. People aged 40-60 years were less likely to abstain from alcohol (3%) than individuals aged 61 years and above (10%). Unmarried individuals were more likely to report abstinence, but also reported somewhat higher consumption than married individuals. Multivariate analyses adjusting for demographics as well as somatic and mental health showed that Hedonistic values were related to lower probability of abstaining, while Conformity and Universalism values were associated with a higher probability of abstaining. Achivement and Hedonism values were associated with more alcohol consumption, whereas Universialism, Tradition and Conformity were related to lower alcohol consumption.

Bidragsytere

Aktiv cristin-person

Trond Nordfjærn

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Folkehelseinstituttet
Aktiv cristin-person

Geir Scott Brunborg

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Avdeling for rusmidler og tobakk ved Folkehelseinstituttet
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