Cristin-resultat-ID: 1207457
Sist endret: 10. mai 2015 16:14
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2014
Resultat
Vitenskapelig artikkel
2015

Illicit use of opioid substitution drugs: Prevalence, user characteristics, and the association with non-fatal overdoses

Bidragsytere:
  • Anne Line Bretteville-Jensen
  • Mats Lillehagen
  • Linn Renathe Gjersing og
  • Jasmina Burdzovic Andreas

Tidsskrift

Drug and Alcohol Dependence
ISSN 0376-8716
e-ISSN 1879-0046
NVI-nivå 1

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2015
Publisert online: 2014
Trykket: 2015
Volum: 147
Hefte: 1
Sider: 89 - 96
Open Access

Importkilder

Scopus-ID: 2-s2.0-84920973640

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Illicit use of opioid substitution drugs: Prevalence, user characteristics, and the association with non-fatal overdoses

Sammendrag

Diversion of opioid substitution drugs (OSD) is of public concern. This study examined the prevalence, frequency, and predictors of illicit OSD use in a group of injecting drug users (IDUs) and assessed if such use was associated with non-fatal overdoses. Semi-annual cross-sectional interviews conducted in Oslo, Norway (2006–2013), from 1355 street-recruited IDUs. Hurdle, logistic, and multinomial regression models were employed. Overall, 27% reported illicit OSD use in the past four weeks; 16.8% methadone, 12.5% buprenorphine, and 2.9% both drugs. Almost 1/10 reported at least one non-fatal overdose in the past four weeks, and roughly 1/3 reported such experience in the past year. Use of additional drugs tended to be equally, or more prevalent among illicit OSD users than other IDUs. In terms of illicit OSD use being a risk factor for non-lethal overdoses, our results showed significant associations only for infrequent buprenorphine use (using once or less than once per week). Other factors associated with non-fatal overdoses included age, education, homelessness, as well as the benzodiazepines, stimulants, and heroin use. Users of diverted OSD may represent a high-risk population, as they used more additional drugs and used them more frequently than other IDUs. However, illicit OSD use may be less harmful than previously assumed. After accounting for an extensive set of covariates, only infrequent illicit buprenorphine use, but not methadone use, was associated with non-fatal overdoses.

Bidragsytere

Aktiv cristin-person

Anne Line Bretteville-Jensen

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Avdeling for rusmidler og tobakk ved Folkehelseinstituttet

Mats Lillehagen

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Folkehelseinstituttet
Aktiv cristin-person

Linn Gjersing

Bidragsyterens navn vises på dette resultatet som Linn Renathe Gjersing
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Avdeling for rusmidler og tobakk ved Folkehelseinstituttet
Aktiv cristin-person

Jasmina Burdzovic

Bidragsyterens navn vises på dette resultatet som Jasmina Burdzovic Andreas
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Avdeling for rusmidler og tobakk ved Folkehelseinstituttet
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