Cristin-resultat-ID: 1246861
Sist endret: 19. desember 2017 00:24
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2015
Vitenskapelig artikkel

Explaining topic prevalence in answers to open-ended survey questions about climate change

  • Endre Tvinnereim og
  • Kjersti Fløttum


Nature Climate Change
ISSN 1758-678X
e-ISSN 1758-6798
NVI-nivå 2

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2015
Publisert online: 2015
Trykket: 2015
Volum: 5
Hefte: 8
Sider: 744 - 747
Open Access


Scopus-ID: 2-s2.0-84937877530

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse


Explaining topic prevalence in answers to open-ended survey questions about climate change


Citizens’ opinions are crucial for action on climate change, but are, owing to the complexity of the issue, diverse and potentially unformed1. We contribute to the understanding of public views on climate change and to knowledge needed by decision-makers by using a new approach to analyse answers to the open survey question ‘what comes to mind when you hear the words ‘climate change’?’. We apply automated text analysis, specifically structural topic modelling2, which induces distinct topics based on the relative frequencies of the words used in 2,115 responses. From these data, originating from the new, nationally representative Norwegian Citizen Panel, four distinct topics emerge: Weather/Ice, Future/Impact, Money/Consumption and Attribution. We find that Norwegians emphasize societal aspects of climate change more than do respondents in previous US and UK studies3, 4, 5, 6. Furthermore, variables that explain variation in closed questions, such as gender and education, yield different and surprising results when employed to explain variation in what respondents emphasize. Finally, the sharp distinction between scepticism and acceptance of conventional climate science, often seen in previous studies, blurs in many textual responses as scepticism frequently turns into ambivalence.


Endre Tvinnereim

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved NORCE Samfunn ved NORCE Norwegian Research Centre AS
Aktiv cristin-person

Kjersti Fløttum

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Institutt for fremmedspråk ved Universitetet i Bergen
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