Cristin-resultat-ID: 1250260
Sist endret: 9. november 2017, 16:29
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2015
Vitenskapelig artikkel

Anisotropic clay-polystyrene nanocomposites: Synthesis, characterization and mechanical properties

  • Henrik Mauroy
  • Tomás S. Plivelic
  • Jussi-Petteri Suuronen
  • Fredrik Sydow Hage
  • Jon Otto Fossum og
  • Kenneth Dahl Knudsen


Applied Clay Science
ISSN 0169-1317
e-ISSN 1872-9053
NVI-nivå 1

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2015
Volum: 108
Sider: 19 - 27


Scopus-ID: 2-s2.0-84923917393

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse


Anisotropic clay-polystyrene nanocomposites: Synthesis, characterization and mechanical properties


Recent studies on clay–polymer nanocomposites have shown prominent improvements in thermal and mechanical properties with the addition of quite small amounts of nanometer sized clay particles. The present work presents characterization of anisotropic clay–polystyrene nanocomposites synthesized via a guided self-assembly technique, employing electric fields to align the clay particles into chain-like structures inside the polymer matrix. Four different kinds of surface modified clay were used as particle additives, namely Hectorite, Laponite, Na-Montmorillonite and Li-Fluorohectorite. The microstructure of the nanocomposites was examined with wide angle X-ray scattering (WAXS), X-ray computed microtomography (XMT) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) was further employed to examine the high-temperature resilience of the nanocomposites before determination of the mechanical properties during compression. The results showed that the nanocomposites were of the intercalated type with the clay dispersed as ~ 15–70 nm thick crystallites which in turn aggregated into micrometer sized particles. Alignment of the clay particles into chains inside the polymer matrix led to differences in mechanical properties compared to nanocomposites having a random orientation of the clay particles. In particular the aligned polystyrene–fluorohectorite nanocomposite displayed large improvements compared to its non-aligned counterpart. It was also observed that differences in yield strength depended on the compression direction.


Henrik Mauroy

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Nøytron materialkarakterisering ved Institutt for energiteknikk

Tomás S. Plivelic

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Lunds universitet

Jussi-Petteri Suuronen

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Helsingin yliopisto / Helsingfors universitet

Fredrik Sydow Hage

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved SuperSTEM

Jon Otto Fossum

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Institutt for fysikk ved Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet
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