Cristin-resultat-ID: 1260855
Sist endret: 1. februar 2016 14:36
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2015
Resultat
Vitenskapelig artikkel
2015

Postnatal depression among Sudanese women: Prevalence and validation of the Edinburgh Postnatal depression scale at 3 months postpartum

Bidragsytere:
  • Dina Mohammed Sami Khalifa
  • Kari Glavin
  • Espen Bjertness og
  • Lars Lien

Tidsskrift

International Journal of Women's Health
ISSN 1179-1411
e-ISSN 1179-1411
NVI-nivå 1

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2015
Publisert online: 2015
Volum: 7
Sider: 677 - 684
Open Access

Importkilder

Scopus-ID: 2-s2.0-84936994860

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Postnatal depression among Sudanese women: Prevalence and validation of the Edinburgh Postnatal depression scale at 3 months postpartum

Sammendrag

Purpose: Postnatal depression (PND) rates in low-resource countries have reached levels between 4.9% and 59%. Maternal mental health has not been researched in Sudan, and there are no existing statistics on prevalence or significant risk factors for PND. Consequently, no screening test has been validated to screen for PND at the primary health care level. This study investigates the 3 months prevalence of PND and validates the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) against the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). Methodology: Pregnant Sudanese women in the second and third trimesters were recruited to the study during routine antenatal care visits in two major maternity hospitals in Khartoum state. They were screened for PND at 3 months postpartum using the EPDS. Test positive women were matched with test negative women according to nearest date of birth. A clinical psychologist verified their depression status using the MINI. Results: The follow-up rate was 79%. At a cutoff point of $12, the 3 months prevalence of PND was 9.2%. The sensitivity and specificity of the EPDS were 89% and 82%, respectively. The EPDS and MINI showed a strong positive relationship (odds ratio =36). The positive predictive value and negative predictive value, using this study’s prevalence, were 33% and 98.7%, respectively. The receiver operator characteristic analysis showed an area under the curve of 0.89. The cut-off point $12 was the most acceptable point as it had the lowest number needed to diagnose (1.4) and a false-positive rate of 18%. Conclusion: The EPDS is a valid tool for screening for PND on a Sudanese population. It was accepted, easily administered, and understood by postnatal women. Health care personnel, especially village midwives, should be trained on screening and referral of depressed women for clinical evaluation and management. Due to limited resources available in Sudan, shorter screening tests need to be validated in the future

Bidragsytere

Dina Mohammed Sami Khalifa

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Avdeling for samfunnsmedisin og global helse ved Universitetet i Oslo
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Ahfad University for Women

Kari Glavin

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Fakultet for helsefag ved VID vitenskapelige høgskole

Espen Bjertness

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Avdeling for samfunnsmedisin og global helse ved Universitetet i Oslo
Aktiv cristin-person

Lars Lien

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Div Psykisk helsevern ved Sykehuset Innlandet HF
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Institutt for helsefag ved Høgskolen i Innlandet
1 - 4 av 4