Cristin-resultat-ID: 1278363
Sist endret: 27. november 2018, 11:38
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2015
Vitenskapelig artikkel

Maritime shipping and emissions: A three-layered, damage-based approach

  • Haakon Lindstad
  • Gunnar Eskeland
  • Harilaos Psaraftis
  • Inge Sandaas og
  • Anders Hammer Strømman


Ocean Engineering
ISSN 0029-8018
e-ISSN 1873-5258
NVI-nivå 1

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2015
Volum: 110
Hefte: B
Sider: 94 - 101
Open Access


Scopus-ID: 2-s2.0-84952041655

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse


Maritime shipping and emissions: A three-layered, damage-based approach


Policy emphasis in ship design must be shifted away from global and idealized towards regional based and realistic vessel operating conditions. The present approach to reducing shipping emissions through technical standards tends to neglect how damages and abatement opportunities vary according to location and operational conditions. Since environmental policy originates in damages relating to ecosystems and jurisdictions, a three-layered approach to vessel emissions is intuitive and practical. Here, we suggest associating damages and policies with ports, coastal areas possibly defined as Emission Control Areas (ECA) as in in North Sea and the Baltic, and open seas globally. This approach offers important practical opportunities: in ports, clean fuels or even electrification is possible; in ECAs, cleaner fuels and penalties for damaging fuels are important, but so is vessel handling, such as speeds and utilization. Globally we argue that it may be desirable to allow burning very dirty fuels at high seas, due to the cost advantages, the climate cooling benefits, and the limited ecosystem impacts. We quantify the benefits and cost savings from reforming current IMO and other approaches towards environmental management with a three-layered approach, and argue it is feasible and worth considering.


Aktiv cristin-person

Elizabeth Lindstad

Bidragsyterens navn vises på dette resultatet som Haakon Lindstad
  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Energi og transport ved SINTEF Ocean

Gunnar Eskeland

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Institutt for foretaksøkonomi ved Norges Handelshøyskole
  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Samfunns- og næringslivsforskning AS

Harilaos Psaraftis

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Danmarks Tekniske Universitet

Inge Sandaas

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Diverse norske bedrifter og organisasjoner

Anders Hammer Strømman

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Institutt for energi- og prosessteknikk ved Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet
1 - 5 av 5