Cristin-resultat-ID: 1280195
Sist endret: 28. oktober 2016 16:37
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2015
Resultat
Vitenskapelig artikkel
2016

Associations between emotional distress and heavy drinking among young people: A longitudinal study

Bidragsytere:
  • Hilde Pape og
  • Thor-Arvid Norstrøm

Tidsskrift

Drug and Alcohol Review
ISSN 0959-5236
e-ISSN 1465-3362
NVI-nivå 1

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2016
Volum: 35
Hefte: 2
Sider: 170 - 176
Open Access

Importkilder

Scopus-ID: 2-s2.0-84931371642

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Associations between emotional distress and heavy drinking among young people: A longitudinal study

Sammendrag

This study adds to the meagre body of longitudinal research on the link between emotional distress and alcohol use among young people. We address the following research questions: Are symptoms of anxiety and depressed mood likely to be causally related to heavy episodic drinking (HED)? Does the association change as individuals move from adolescence to early adulthood? Data stemmed from a national sample of young people in Norway that was assessed in 1992 (T1; mean age = 14.9 years), 1994 (T2), 1999 (T3) and 2005 (T4) (response rate: 60%, n = 2171). We applied fixed-effects modelling, implying that intra-individual changes in the frequency of HED were regressed on intra-individual changes in emotional distress. Hence, confounding due to stable underlying influences was eliminated. Self-perceived loneliness was included as a time-varying covariate. Emotional distress was unrelated to HED in adolescence (T1 to T2). In the transition from adolescence to early adulthood (T2 to T3), changes in depressiveness were positively and independently associated with changes in HED, whereas changes symptoms of anxiety were not. A similar pattern emerged in early adulthood (T3 to T4). The potential causal relationship between emotional distress and heavy drinking did not manifest itself in adolescence, but increased symptoms of depressiveness were related to more frequent HED in subsequent periods of life. Hence, this study provides conditional support to the notion that emotional distress and HED may be causally related and indicates that the association among young people may be specific to depressiveness.

Bidragsytere

Aktiv cristin-person

Hilde Elisabeth Pape

Bidragsyterens navn vises på dette resultatet som Hilde Pape
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Avdeling for rusmidler og tobakk ved Folkehelseinstituttet

Thor Norström

Bidragsyterens navn vises på dette resultatet som Thor-Arvid Norstrøm
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Stockholms universitet
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Folkehelseinstituttet
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