Cristin-resultat-ID: 1280810
Sist endret: 17. februar 2016, 20:00
Resultat
Vitenskapelig foredrag
2015

Risk governance deficits revealed by the Oslo terror attacks

Bidragsytere:
  • Marie Nilsen
  • Petter Almklov
  • Eirik Albrechtsen og
  • Stian Antonsen

Presentasjon

Navn på arrangementet: ESREL
Sted: Zürich
Dato fra: 7. september 2015
Dato til: 10. september 2015

Arrangør:

Arrangørnavn: European Safety and Reliability Association

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig foredrag
Publiseringsår: 2015

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Risk governance deficits revealed by the Oslo terror attacks

Sammendrag

July 22, 2011 was a day that shook the Norwegian society. A lone terrorist single-handedly launched an attack on a government facility and proceeded to a youth camp, killing 77 people in total. It was a day of realization for society at large that Norway is not exempted from events of this proportion. As is usually the case after such events, the two key questions in the wake of the disaster were "How could this happen?", and "how can we make sure that this never happens again?" An investigation was launched (the Gjørv Commission), and the report pointed out various risk management shortcomings, some addressing the fundamentals of Norwegian public governance. We analyze the causes identified by the Commission from a risk governance perspective. The shortcomings in risk management can be categorized according to the theoretical framework of the International Risk Governance Council (IRGC). The risk governance framework consists of 5 different phases, which must be adequately executed and interconnected. Deficits in any of the phases in the risk governance process may prevent effective and sound risk governance (IRGC, 2005, 2009). The study demonstrates that there were several deficiencies in the Norwegian risk governance strategy. Severe delay in the implementation of security measures, confusion in the responsibilities and roles of the various agencies, and failure to communicate important issues were among the contributing factors that resulted in a tragedy that has affected society. The analysis of the Oslo terror is used as a case to discuss strengths and weaknesses of the Risk Governance approach. The paper underlines that the findings of the Commission (NOU 14: 2012) coincide with some of the common deficits in risk governance identified by the IRGC. Moreover, the paper identifies challenges in implementing the risk governance framework from an overarching societal safety and security perspective. These challenges include effects of fragmentation between governmental institutions on risk governance, incremental changes at the end of each governance cycle, and dealing with concurrent and complex risks at a societal level. The key learnings from Oslo concern issues that straddle or fall between organizational and institutional boundaries in the patchwork of governance. The sectorial mode of governance more generally contrasts with the idea of a unified and centralized risk governance. Rather, what we refer to when we speak of risk governance is a multitude of efforts (and non-efforts) from different agencies and institutions. The failure to close Grubbegata (the street in front of the government buildings, a known terrorrisk) illustrates how even quite straightforward measures may not be implemented even though they, seen from an isolated risk governance perspective, are obviously pertinent. In an intricate web of reality, risk governance requires a nexus, a means of linking the different actors within and across organizations and interests, in order to face the challenges in uplifting societal safety and security to a higher level.

Bidragsytere

Marie Nilsen

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Studio Apertura ved NTNU Samfunnsforskning AS

Petter Grytten Almklov

Bidragsyterens navn vises på dette resultatet som Petter Almklov
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Studio Apertura ved NTNU Samfunnsforskning AS

Eirik Albrechtsen

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Institutt for industriell økonomi og teknologiledelse ved Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet

Stian Antonsen

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved SINTEF Digital ved SINTEF AS
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