Cristin-resultat-ID: 1300890
Sist endret: 18. februar 2016 11:07
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2015
Resultat
Vitenskapelig artikkel
2015

Mental States of Addiction: Conceptions in the Adult Norwegian Population

Bidragsytere:
  • Jostein Rise
  • Torleif Halkjelsvik og
  • Velibor Bobo Kovac

Tidsskrift

Contemporary Drug Problems
ISSN 0091-4509
e-ISSN 2163-1808
NVI-nivå 1

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2015
Publisert online: 2015
Trykket: 2015
Volum: 42
Hefte: 4
Sider: 289 - 298

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Mental States of Addiction: Conceptions in the Adult Norwegian Population

Sammendrag

An increasing number of studies have examined lay meanings of addiction. The purpose of this study was to explore whether a generalized conception of an addiction mind-set was evident in the beliefs of a sample of 1,062 Norwegian adults responding to an online survey. The respondents were given a rating task in the following form: “Addiction to [substance/behavior] is/represents [descriptive term].” For each of the nine different addictive behaviors (cocaine, cannabis, alcohol, gambling, smoking, amphetamine, sedatives, snus, and heroin), the respondents rated their endorsement of 11 descriptive terms (mental states): reduced self-determination, obsession, strong urge, strong appetite, strong craving, reduced moral competence, reduced rational decision making, compulsion, habit, conflicting desire, and reduced willpower. Principal components analyses identified two distinct factors for six addictive behaviors: cocaine, cannabis, alcohol, gambling, amphetamine, and heroin. The endorsement levels of the descriptive items of the two factors were consistently high. Sedatives, smoking, and snus did not fit into the two factors. Norwegian adults thus seem to ascribe to a model of an addiction mind-set comprising two distinct versions, the irresistible, involuntary (Craving-compulsion version), and the voluntary resistible dimensions of addiction (Reduced agency version).

Bidragsytere

Inaktiv cristin-person

Jostein Rise

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Folkehelseinstituttet
Aktiv cristin-person

Torleif Bjordal Halkjelsvik

Bidragsyterens navn vises på dette resultatet som Torleif Halkjelsvik
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Avdeling for rusmidler og tobakk ved Folkehelseinstituttet

Velibor Bobo Kovac

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Institutt for pedagogikk ved Universitetet i Agder
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