Cristin-resultat-ID: 1326629
Sist endret: 2. juni 2017, 13:46
Resultat
Vitenskapelig foredrag
2015

Effects of participation in Paro-groups for nursing home patients with dementia on symptoms of agitation and depression. A cluster-randomized controlled trial

Bidragsytere:
  • Nina Jøranson
  • Ingeborg Pedersen
  • Anne Marie Mork Rokstad og
  • Camilla Ihlebæk

Presentasjon

Navn på arrangementet: IPA World Conference
Sted: Berlin
Dato fra: 13. oktober 2015
Dato til: 16. oktober 2016

Arrangør:

Arrangørnavn: International Psychogeriatrics Association

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig foredrag
Publiseringsår: 2015

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Effects of participation in Paro-groups for nursing home patients with dementia on symptoms of agitation and depression. A cluster-randomized controlled trial

Sammendrag

OBJECTIVE Positive effects on behaviors, such as agitation and depression, using Paro in group activity for participants with dementia in nursing homes have been shown from psychometric measures (Jøranson et al., 2015). Investigating behaviors using video analysis can produce increased further insight in complex interventions (Chang et al., 2013; Kidd et al., 2006). The aim of this study was to describe how behaviors in group sessions with Paro developed through the course of the intervention by using ethogram based on video analysis. METHODS 30 participants from five different nursing homes formed groups of five to six participants at each nursing home. Group sessions with Paro lasted for 30 minutes twice a week during 12 weeks of intervention. Video recordings were made from one session in week two and week ten. An ethogram was used to map the participants’ behaviors systematically (Troisi, 1999). The ethogram, based on relevant behaviors from previewing the video recordings, contained accurately defined and described behaviors. 18 behaviors, such as “observe Paro”, “conversation with Paro on the lap”, “smile/laughter towards other participants”, etc. were defined and converted into variables for use in the analysis. Observed duration of each behavior was converted to percentage of total session time. 10 variables were included and analyzed statistically with one-way ANOVA and paired t-tests. Variables with very low observational time were excluded. RESULTS “Observe Paro” had the highest average occurrence of all variables and was present in about 50 % of the session time in week two. This variable was observed more often in participants with mild to moderate dementia (p=0.019). The variable “observe other things” occurred more in the group of severe dementia (p=0.042). The variables “conversations with Paro on the lap” decreased significantly (p=0.014) and “smile/laughter towards other participants” increased (p=0.011) from week two to week ten. CONCLUSION The overall analysis of all participants show a tendency of a decrease in direct Paro activities replaced by increased social interactions in the group settings. Paro seem to be a mediator for increased conversation. Participants with mild/moderate dementia seemed to be most active during the sessions.

Bidragsytere

Aktiv cristin-person

Nina Jøranson

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Institutt for folkehelsevitenskap ved Norges miljø- og biovitenskapelige universitet

Ingeborg Pedersen

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Institutt for folkehelsevitenskap ved Norges miljø- og biovitenskapelige universitet
Aktiv cristin-person

Anne Marie Mork Rokstad

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Avdeling for helse- og sosialfag ved Høgskolen i Molde - Vitenskapelig høgskole i logistikk

Camilla Martha Ihlebæk

Bidragsyterens navn vises på dette resultatet som Camilla Ihlebæk
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Institutt for folkehelsevitenskap ved Norges miljø- og biovitenskapelige universitet
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