Cristin-resultat-ID: 1344035
Sist endret: 11. august 2016 14:04
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2016
Resultat
Vitenskapelig artikkel
2016

Determinants of postnatal depression in Sudanese women at 3 months postpartum: A cross-sectional study

Bidragsytere:
  • Dina Mohammed Sami Khalifa
  • Kari Glavin
  • Espen Bjertness og
  • Lars Lien

Tidsskrift

BMJ Open
ISSN 2044-6055
e-ISSN 2044-6055
NVI-nivå 1

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2016
Publisert online: 2016
Volum: 6
Hefte: 3
Open Access

Importkilder

Scopus-ID: 2-s2.0-84962500063

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Determinants of postnatal depression in Sudanese women at 3 months postpartum: A cross-sectional study

Sammendrag

Objectives: Maternal mental health is a neglected issue in Sudanese healthcare. The aim of this study was to explore the factors associated with postnatal depression (PND) at 3 months postpartum in a sample of Sudanese women in Khartoum state. Setting: Recruitment was from two major public antenatal care (ANC) clinics in two maternity teaching hospitals in Khartoum state. The study participants were recruited during their pregnancy and were followed up and screened for PND at 3 months postpartum using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). Participants: A sample of 300 pregnant Sudanese women in their second or third trimester was included in the study. The inclusion criteria were Sudanese nationality, pregnancy in the second or third trimester and satisfactory contact information. Outcome measures: PND was assessed using the EPDS at a cut-off score of ≥12. Maternal and sociodemographic factors of interest were illustrated in a directed acyclic graph (DAG) to identify which variables to adjust for in multivariate analyses and to show their type of effect on PND. A forward logistic regression model was built to assess the factors that are independently associated with PND. Results: History of violence increased the odds of PND sevenfold, OR=7.4 (95% CI 1.9 to 27.6). Older age of mothers decreased the odds of PND by almost 20%, OR=0.82 (95% CI 0.73 to 0.92). Exclusive breast feeding and regular prenatal vitamins during pregnancy are associated with an 80% decrease in odds of PND, OR=0.2 (95% CI 0.06 to 0.70) and 0.17 (95% CI 0.06 to 0.5), respectively. Conclusions: Factors associated with PND in this study are comparable to factors from other developing countries, although findings should be judged with caution owing to the high number of women who refused recruitment into the study.

Bidragsytere

Dina Mohammed Sami Khalifa

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Avdeling for samfunnsmedisin og global helse ved Universitetet i Oslo
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Ahfad University for Women

Kari Glavin

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Fakultet for helsefag ved VID vitenskapelige høgskole

Espen Bjertness

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Avdeling for samfunnsmedisin og global helse ved Universitetet i Oslo
Aktiv cristin-person

Lars Lien

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Institutt for helsefag ved Høgskolen i Innlandet
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Div Psykisk helsevern ved Sykehuset Innlandet HF
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