Cristin-resultat-ID: 1373844
Sist endret: 25. januar 2017 13:54
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2016
Resultat
Vitenskapelig artikkel
2016

Consumption of fruits and vegetables and associations with risk factors for non-communicable diseases in the Yangon region of Myanmar: A cross-sectional study

Bidragsytere:
  • Marte Karoline Råberg Kjøllesdal
  • Aung Soe Htet
  • Hein Stigum
  • Ne Yi Hla
  • Hlaing Hlaing Hlaing
  • Ei Kay Khaine
  • mfl.

Tidsskrift

BMJ Open
ISSN 2044-6055
e-ISSN 2044-6055
NVI-nivå 1

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2016
Publisert online: 2016
Open Access

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Consumption of fruits and vegetables and associations with risk factors for non-communicable diseases in the Yangon region of Myanmar: A cross-sectional study

Sammendrag

OBJECTIVES: To explore the intake of fruits and vegetables in the Yangon region, Myanmar, and to describe associations between intake of fruits and vegetables (FV) and established risk factors for non-communicable diseases. DESIGN: 2 cross-sectional studies, using the STEPs methodology. SETTING: Urban and rural areas of the Yangon region of Myanmar. PARTICIPANTS: 1486, men and women, 25-74 years, were recruited through a multistage cluster sampling method. Institutionalised people, military personnel, Buddhist monks and nuns were not invited. Physically and mentally ill people were excluded. RESULTS: Mean intake of fruit was 0.8 (SE 0.1) and 0.6 (0.0) servings/day and of vegetables 2.2 (0.1) and 1.2 (0.1) servings/day, in urban and rural areas, respectively. Adjusted for included confounders (age, sex, location, income, education, smoking and low physical activity), men and women eating ≥2 servings of fruits and vegetables/day had lower odds than others of hypertriglyceridaemia (OR 0.72 (95% CI 0.56 to 0.94)). On average, women eating at least 2 servings of fruits and vegetables per day had cholesterol levels 0.28 mmol/L lower than the levels of other women. When only adjusted for sex and age, men eating at least 2 servings of fruits and vegetables per day had cholesterol levels 0.27 mmol/L higher than other men. CONCLUSIONS: A high intake of FV was associated with lower odds of hypertriglyceridaemia among men and women. It was also associated with cholesterol levels, negatively among women and positively among men.

Bidragsytere

Marte Karoline Råberg Kjøllesdal

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Avdeling for samfunnsmedisin og global helse ved Universitetet i Oslo

Aung Soe Htet

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Avdeling for samfunnsmedisin og global helse ved Universitetet i Oslo
Aktiv cristin-person

Hein Stigum

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Avdeling for samfunnsmedisin og global helse ved Universitetet i Oslo

Ne Yi Hla

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Myanmar

Hlaing Hlaing Hlaing

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Myanmar
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