Cristin-resultat-ID: 1551514
Sist endret: 11. oktober 2018 15:06
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2017
Resultat
Vitenskapelig artikkel
2017

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms are Common in Patients in Opioid Maintenance Treatment

Bidragsytere:
  • Eli Kristine Fiksdal Abel
  • Edle Ravndal
  • Thomas Clausen og
  • Jørgen Gustav Bramness

Tidsskrift

European Addiction Research
ISSN 1022-6877
e-ISSN 1421-9891
NVI-nivå 1

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2017
Publisert online: 2017
Trykket: 2018
Volum: 23
Hefte: 6
Sider: 298 - 305
Open Access

Importkilder

Scopus-ID: 2-s2.0-85040329240

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms are Common in Patients in Opioid Maintenance Treatment

Sammendrag

INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Knowledge of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms among patients in opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) is important for treatment optimization and yet limited. We investigated the prevalence of ADHD symptoms, and factors associated with high ADHD symptom burden in a group of Norwegian OMT patients. METHODS: We interviewed individuals entering OMT across Norway in 2 steps between 2012 and 2016. ADHD symptoms were measured by the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS; n = 175). We compared 2 groups of individuals who scored above or below the clinical cutoff score. Mental distress was measured with the General Symptom Index (GSI) of the Hopkin's Symptom Check-List-25. RESULTS: A total of 33% of the OMT patients screened positively for ADHD on the ASRS. Participants who scored above the clinical cutoff were younger, and reported more severe substance use and mental distress. When controlling for other significant variables in a logistic regression analysis, scoring above cutoff on the ASRS was associated with higher GSI (OR 1.61; 95% CI 1.03-2.50) and use of stimulants (OR 2.55; 1.13-5.76). CONCLUSIONS: ADHD symptoms were common in these OMT patients. High ADHD symptom burden was associated with higher mental distress and use of stimulants. This underlines a need of more systematic focus on ADHD in OMT to plan treatment accordingly

Bidragsytere

Eli Kristine Fiksdal Abel

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Senter for rus- og avhengighetsforskning ved Universitetet i Oslo
Inaktiv cristin-person

Edle Ravndal

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Senter for rus- og avhengighetsforskning ved Universitetet i Oslo

Thomas Clausen

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Senter for rus- og avhengighetsforskning ved Universitetet i Oslo

Jørgen Gustav Bramness

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Div Psykisk helsevern ved Sykehuset Innlandet HF
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