Cristin-resultat-ID: 1561364
Sist endret: 9. juli 2018 13:26
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2018
Resultat
Vitenskapelig artikkel
2018

The Differential Mortality of Undesired Infants in Sub-Saharan Africa

Bidragsytere:
  • Martin Flatø

Tidsskrift

Demography
ISSN 0070-3370
e-ISSN 1533-7790
NVI-nivå 2

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2018
Publisert online: 2018
Volum: 55
Hefte: 1
Sider: 271 - 294
Open Access

Importkilder

Scopus-ID: 2-s2.0-85041201057

Finansiering

  • Norges forskningsråd
    Prosjektkode: 179552

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

The Differential Mortality of Undesired Infants in Sub-Saharan Africa

Sammendrag

With high rates of infant mortality in sub-Saharan Africa, investments in infant health are subject to tough prioritizations within the household, in which maternal preferences may play a part. How these preferences will affect infant mortality as African women have ever-lower fertility is still uncertain, as increased female empowerment and increased difficulty in achieving a desired gender composition within a smaller family pull in potentially different directions. I study how being born at a parity or of a gender undesired by the mother relates to infant mortality in sub-Saharan Africa and how such differential mortality varies between women at different stages of the demographic transition. Using data from 79 Demographic and Health Surveys, I find that a child being undesired according to the mother is associated with a differential mortality that is not due to constant maternal factors, family composition, or factors that are correlated with maternal preferences and vary continuously across siblings. As a share of overall infant mortality, the excess mortality of undesired children amounts to 3.3 % of male and 4 % of female infant mortality. Undesiredness can explain a larger share of infant mortality among mothers with lower fertility desires and a larger share of female than male infant mortality for children of women who desire 1–3 children. Undesired gender composition is more important for infant mortality than undesired childbearing and may also lead couples to increase family size beyond the maternal desire, in which case infants of the surplus gender are particularly vulnerable.

Bidragsytere

Aktiv cristin-person

Martin Flatø

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved The International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved NIFU Nordisk institutt for studier av innovasjon, forskning og utdanning
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Økonomisk institutt ved Universitetet i Oslo
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