Cristin-resultat-ID: 1583598
Sist endret: 3. januar 2019 14:05
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2018
Resultat
Vitenskapelig artikkel
2018

From number sense to number symbols. An archaeological perspective

Bidragsytere:
  • Francesco d'Errico
  • Luc Doyon
  • Ivan Colagé
  • Alain Queffelec
  • Emma Le Vraux
  • Giacomo Giacobini
  • mfl.

Tidsskrift

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences
ISSN 0962-8436
e-ISSN 1471-2970
NVI-nivå 2

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2018
Publisert online: 2018
Trykket: 2018
Volum: 373
Hefte: 1740
Sider: 1 - 10

Importkilder

Scopus-ID: 2-s2.0-85039919474

Klassifisering

Vitenskapsdisipliner

Matematikk og naturvitenskap

Emneord

Arkeologi

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

From number sense to number symbols. An archaeological perspective

Sammendrag

How and when did hominins move from the numerical cognition that we share with the rest of the animal world to number symbols? Objects with sequential markings have been used to store and retrieve numerical information since the beginning of the European Upper Palaeolithic (42 ka). An increase in the number of markings and complexity of coding is observed towards the end of this period. The application of new analytical techniques to a 44–42 ka old notched baboon fibula from Border Cave, South Africa, shows that notches were added to this bone at different times, suggesting that devices to store numerical information were in use before the Upper Palaeolithic. Analysis of a set of incisions on a 72–60 ka old hyena femur from the Les Pradelles Mousterian site, France, indicates, by comparison with markings produced by modern subjects under similar constraints, that the incisions on the Les Pradelles bone may have been produced to record, in a single session, homologous units of numerical information. This finding supports the view that numerical notations were in use among archaic hominins. Based on these findings, a testable five-stage scenario is proposed to establish how prehistoric cultures have moved from number sense to the use of number symbols. This article is part of a discussion meeting issue ‘The origins of numerical abilities’.

Bidragsytere

Francesco d'Errico

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Institutt for arkeologi, historie, kultur- og religionsvitskap ved Universitetet i Bergen
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Université de Bordeaux

Luc Doyon

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Université de Bordeaux
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Université de Montréal

Ivan Colagé

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Pontificium Athenaeum Antonianum

Alain Queffelec

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Université de Bordeaux

Emma Le Vraux

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Université de Bordeaux
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