Cristin-resultat-ID: 1635086
Sist endret: 2. mai 2019 12:48
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2018
Resultat
Vitenskapelig artikkel
2018

Ultrahigh-pressure nitrogen arcs burning inside cylindrical tubes

Bidragsytere:
  • Fahim Abid
  • Kaveh Niayesh og
  • Nina Sasaki Støa-Aanensen

Tidsskrift

IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science
ISSN 0093-3813
e-ISSN 1939-9375
NVI-nivå 1

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2018
Publisert online: 2018
Trykket: 2019
Volum: 47
Hefte: 1
Sider: 754 - 761
Open Access

Importkilder

Scopus-ID: 2-s2.0-85057357726

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Ultrahigh-pressure nitrogen arcs burning inside cylindrical tubes

Sammendrag

When the pressure and temperature of a fluid exceed a critical point, the fluid enters into the supercritical (SC) region. In this region, the physical properties are believed to be in favor of a good current interruption medium. This paper focuses on the arc voltage characteristics of nitrogen arcs burning inside cylindrical tubes at different filling pressures: 1, 20, 40, and 80 bar, thus covering the SC region. Two different tube materials have been used in the experiments, alumina and polytetrafluoroethylene. Arc voltages are measured for arcs burning inside tubes of 2, 4, 8, and 15 mm inner diameters. In addition, free-burning arcs have been investigated at the same filling pressures. The arc current was 150 A at 350 Hz throughout the study. The arc voltage is found to increase with decreasing inner diameter of the tube at atmospheric pressure. At higher filling pressures (i.e., 20, 40, and 80 bar), however, such a simple relationship is not observed. The arc temperature and radius have been calculated based on the ``simple theory of free-burning arcs'' and the ``two-zone ablation arc model.'' The calculated arc radius decreases with increasing gas pressure. Furthermore, due to increased absorption of radiation at high filling pressures, ablation is found less significant for ultrahigh-pressure nitrogen arcs compared to atmospheric pressure arcs. This is in line with the observations from optical micrographs of the inner surfaces of the tubes exposed to arcs at different filling pressures

Bidragsytere

Fahim Abid

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Institutt for elkraftteknikk ved Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet

Kaveh Niayesh

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Institutt for elkraftteknikk ved Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet

Nina Sasaki Støa-Aanensen

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Elkraftteknologi ved SINTEF Energi AS
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