Cristin-resultat-ID: 1670019
Sist endret: 31. januar 2019 11:08
Resultat
Vitenskapelig foredrag
2018

The Soy Boom in Argentina: A Blessing or a Curse?

Bidragsytere:
  • Kristi Anne Stølen

Presentasjon

Navn på arrangementet: Workshop
Sted: Warsawa
Dato fra: 13. november 2018
Dato til: 14. november 2018

Arrangør:

Arrangørnavn: University of Warsaw

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig foredrag
Publiseringsår: 2018

Klassifisering

Vitenskapsdisipliner

Sosialantropologi

Emneord

Landbruksending • Genmodifisert matproduksjon

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

The Soy Boom in Argentina: A Blessing or a Curse?

Sammendrag

Over the last twenty years Argentina has been through a transformation of the agrarian sector, generated by export driven growth, to a large extent based on the new biotechnology associated with gene modified (GM) soy production. This export driven growth strategy was expected to help the Argentine government to reduce poverty and inequality through revenues from export tax on agricultural products, especially soy and its derivatives. The expansion of GM soy was also expected to have positive environmental effects because of savings from reduced pesticide use and reduced soil erosion due to less intensive tilling. In terms of economic growth the Argentina’s transition to GM soy has been a success. However, there seem to be an increasing conflict between the economic success and socio-ecological sustainability. The impact of the expansion of soy production varies throughout the country according to the agrarian structure and social conditions before the “GMO revolution”. In the pampas, previously dominated by large cattle and grain farms, there has been a change in land use, without major changes in the structure of land ownership. In poor peasant areas, previously unattractive for modern agricultural production until the introduction of GM crops, changes in land tenure and ownership have been dramatic leading to displacement of peasants and increased rural exodus. In this paper, based on long-standing anthropological fieldwork in Santa Fe province, I will analyse the impact of the expansion of soy in farmer areas previously characterised by mechanised family farms and vigorous rural communities. The impact of the GMO revolution is less far-reaching in the this area compared to other parts of the country, where production no longer is controlled by farmers, but by large commercial companies with limited interest in environment and sustainability. Although there has been a gradual increase in soy cultivation locally, soy has not eradicated other crops and/or livestock as in many other parts of Argentina. Nevertheless, the soy boom has resulted in major economic and social changes in the countryside. The land is producing more than ever, but the vigorous rural communities that I studied in the 1970 and 1980 are dying.

Bidragsytere

Kristi Anne Stølen

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Senter for utvikling og miljø ved Universitetet i Oslo
1 - 1 av 1