Cristin-resultat-ID: 1812608
Sist endret: 3. november 2020, 10:44
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2020
Resultat
Vitenskapelig artikkel
2020

Modeling commuting flows via fixed components

Bidragsytere:
  • Sahar Babri
  • Kurt Jørnsten
  • Inge Heldal Thorsen og
  • Jan Ubøe

Tidsskrift

Transportation Science
ISSN 0041-1655
e-ISSN 1526-5447
NVI-nivå 2

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2020
Publisert online: 2020
Trykket: 2020
Volum: 54
Hefte: 5
Sider: 1225 - 1237

Importkilder

Scopus-ID: 2-s2.0-85093118766

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Modeling commuting flows via fixed components

Sammendrag

The basic, reasonable hypothesis underlying this paper is that many individuals are comfortable with their current combination of job and residential location and have no intention of changing job location or moving from where they live. This causes autocorrelation in the time series of commuting flows and provides a rationale for introducing fixed components in the trip distribution model. The fixed components are assumed to be constant in time and separated from the observed trip distribution. We next consider the residuals and fit the model by a constrained entropy-maximization procedure. Based on commuting data from Stockholm County in Sweden, the fixed component spatial interaction model is demonstrated to lead to a substantial improvement in goodness of fit compared with conventional spatial interaction models. The identification of fixed components leads to significantly lower estimates of the distance deterrence parameter, and fixed components are further argued to be potentially useful in a prediction perspective. The distance deterrence parameter in the fixed component model reflects the spatial interaction of workers who are actually considering changes in their residential and/or job location. We also compare alternative measures of spatial separation and discuss differences in commuting behaviour by gender.

Bidragsytere

Sahar Babri

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Mobilitet og samfunnsøkonomi ved SINTEF AS

Kurt Jørnsten

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Institutt for foretaksøkonomi ved Norges Handelshøyskole

Inge Heldal Thorsen

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Institutt for økonomi og administrasjon ved Høgskulen på Vestlandet

Jan Ubøe

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Institutt for foretaksøkonomi ved Norges Handelshøyskole
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