Cristin-resultat-ID: 1822794
Sist endret: 24. september 2021, 13:06
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2020
Vitenskapelig artikkel

Educational differences in cohort fertility across sub-national regions in Europe

  • Jessica Nisén
  • Sebastian Klüsener
  • Johan Dahlberg
  • Lars Dommermuth
  • Aiva Jasilioniene
  • Michaela Kreyenfeld
  • mfl.


European Journal of Population
ISSN 0168-6577
e-ISSN 1572-9885
NVI-nivå 1

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2020
Publisert online: 2020
Sider: 1 - 33
Open Access


Scopus-ID: 2-s2.0-85089287313





Fruktbarhet • Europa • Utdanning

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse


Educational differences in cohort fertility across sub-national regions in Europe


Educational differences in female cohort fertility vary strongly across high-income countries and over time, but knowledge about how educational fertility differentials play out at the sub-national regional level is limited. Examining these sub-national regional patterns might improve our understanding of national patterns, as regionally varying contextual conditions may affect fertility. This study provides for the first time for a large number of European countries a comprehensive account of educational differences in the cohort fertility rate (CFR) at the sub-national regional level. We harmonise data from population registers, censuses, and large-sample surveys for 15 countries to measure women’s completed fertility by educational level and region of residence at the end of the reproductive lifespan. In order to explore associations between educational differences in CFRs and levels of economic development, we link our data to regional GDP per capita. Empirical Bayesian estimation is used to reduce uncertainty in the regional fertility estimates. We document an overall negative gradient between the CFR and level of education, and notable regional variation in the gradient. The steepness of the gradient is inversely related to the economic development level. It is steepest in the least developed regions and close to zero in the most developed regions. This tendency is observed within countries as well as across all regions of all countries. Our findings underline the variability of educational gradients in women’s fertility, suggest that higher levels of development may be associated with less negative gradients, and call for more in-depth sub-national-level fertility analyses by education.


Jessica Nisén

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Max-Planck-Institut für demografische Forschung

Sebastian Klüsener

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Max-Planck-Institut für demografische Forschung
  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Vytauto Didziojo Universitetas

Johan Dahlberg

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Stockholms universitet
Aktiv cristin-person

Lars Dommermuth

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Forskningsavdelingen, Befolkning og offentlig økonomi ved Statistisk sentralbyrå

Aiva Jasilioniene

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Max-Planck-Institut für demografische Forschung
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