Cristin-resultat-ID: 1823743
Sist endret: 16. november 2020, 14:18
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2020
Resultat
Vitenskapelig artikkel
2020

Gender differences in the association between positive drinking attitudes and alcohol-related problems. The WIRUS study

Bidragsytere:
  • Neda Hashemi
  • Mikkel Magnus Thørrisen
  • Jens Christoffer Skogen
  • Hildegunn Sagvaag
  • David Gimeno Ruiz de Porras og
  • Randi Wågø Aas

Tidsskrift

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (IJERPH)
ISSN 1661-7827
e-ISSN 1660-4601
NVI-nivå 1

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2020
Volum: 17
Hefte: 16
Artikkelnummer: 5949
Open Access

Importkilder

Scopus-ID: 2-s2.0-85089491748

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Gender differences in the association between positive drinking attitudes and alcohol-related problems. The WIRUS study

Sammendrag

BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption is deeply integrated in people’s social- and work lives and, thus, constitutes a serious public health challenge. Attitudes toward drinking stand out as important predictors of drinking, but have to date been sparsely studied in employee populations. This study explores the association of employees’ attitudes toward drinking with their alcohol-related problems, and whether this association is moderated by gender and employment sector. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected from a heterogeneous sample of employees (N = 4094) at 19 Norwegian companies. Drinking attitudes were assessed using the Drinking Norms Scale. The AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test) scale was then used to assess any alcohol-related problems. Data were analyzed using chi-square tests, analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), and multiple logistic regression. RESULTS: Employees with predominantly positive drinking attitudes were almost three times as likely to report alcohol-related problems compared to employees with more negative drinking attitudes (OR = 2.75; 95% CI: 2.00–3.76). Gender moderated the association between positive drinking attitudes and alcohol-related problems (OR = 3.30; 95% CI: 2.10–5.21). The association was stronger in women (OR = 5.21; 95% CI: 3.34–8.15) than in men (OR = 3.10; 95% CI: 2.11–4.55). Employment sector did not moderate the association between drinking attitudes and alcohol-related problems. CONCLUSIONS: Employee attitudes toward alcohol should be monitored to better enable early workplace health promotion interventions targeting alcohol problems. These interventions might need to be gender-specific.

Bidragsytere

Neda Soleiman Pour Hashemi

Bidragsyterens navn vises på dette resultatet som Neda Hashemi
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Avdeling for folkehelse ved Universitetet i Stavanger

Mikkel Magnus Thørrisen

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Institutt for ergoterapi og ortopediingeniørfag ved OsloMet - storbyuniversitetet
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Avdeling for folkehelse ved Universitetet i Stavanger

Jens Christoffer Skogen

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Avdeling for helsefremmende arbeid ved Folkehelseinstituttet
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Regionalt kompetansesenter for rusforskning ved Helse Stavanger HF - Stavanger universitetssjukehus
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Avdeling for folkehelse ved Universitetet i Stavanger

Hildegunn Sagvaag

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Avdeling for folkehelse ved Universitetet i Stavanger

David Gimeno Ruiz de Porras

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved University of Texas Health Science Center-Houston
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Epidemiología y Salud Públ
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Universitat Pompeu Fabra
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