Cristin-resultat-ID: 1829003
Sist endret: 13. september 2020, 19:55
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2020
Vitenskapelig artikkel

Egenorganisering og frivillige organisasjoners rolle i kampen mot bostedsløshet – et deltakende aksjonsforskningsprosjekt

  • Håvard Aaslund


Tidsskrift for boligforskning
ISSN 2535-5988
e-ISSN 2535-5988
NVI-nivå 1

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2020
Volum: 3
Hefte: 1
Sider: 70 - 86
Open Access

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Egenorganisering og frivillige organisasjoners rolle i kampen mot bostedsløshet – et deltakende aksjonsforskningsprosjekt


Self-organization and voluntary organizations role in the fight against homelessness – a participatory action research project


Social movement theory emphasizes the importance of connecting with existing organizations in mobilizing for collective action. User participation is emphasized in policy documents on housing for the most disadvantaged. Still, there are few micro-studies of participation and the role of the voluntary sector in housing. The article is based on an action research project that sought to establish a self-organized housing solution for the homeless, and asks: How can voluntary organizations help promote and inhibit self-organization among homeless people? The project was initiated by homeless people in an emergency shelter. It was organized in collaboration between future residents, a voluntary organization and the researcher. The researcher participated in the development of the project and held the main responsibility for the research. The article is based on field notes, interviews and documents obtained over four years. Data has been analyzed in collaboration with the residents of the project. Theories of self-organization and resource mobilization provide a theoretical framework for the discussion. The collaboration revealed that the relationship between the participants, the researcher and the organization changed throughout the process. The degree of participation was particularly high in the project’s early phase. Resource mobilization and connection to the organization’s networks played an important role in the creating phase. This led to more formalized structures of participation, while centralizing coordination and resource management. During the maturity phase, the project showed good results and further use of the participants’ resources. At the same time, ambiguous power relations contributed to barriers, and to ending the project. The study shows opportunities for innovation in participation, but also that such processes depend on resources and cooperation with service providers, organizations and allies. At the same time, challenges related to the understanding of participation in housing policy are highlighted. By neglecting the importance of power and resources, the temporality of project organization and the dual role of voluntary organizations as both service provider and voice for the disadvantaged, participation is at risk of being drained of actual content and contributing to co-opting self-organized resistance rather than strengthened citizenship. Keywords: homelessness, power, participation, action research, voluntary sector.


Håvard Aaslund

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Ph.d. i sosialt arbeid og sosialpolitikk ved OsloMet - storbyuniversitetet
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