Cristin-resultat-ID: 1838812
Sist endret: 12. oktober 2020 10:56
Vitenskapelig artikkel

The Birth of Korean Academic Marxism: Pak Ch’iu (1909–1949) and his Philosophical Critique of Right-Wing Totalitarianism

  • Vladimir Tikhonov


Oriens Extremus
ISSN 0030-5197
NVI-nivå 0

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2020
Trykket: 2020
Volum: 57-58
Sider: 21 - 45

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse


The Birth of Korean Academic Marxism: Pak Ch’iu (1909–1949) and his Philosophical Critique of Right-Wing Totalitarianism


This article deals with Pak Ch’iu (1909–1949), one of the pioneering Marxist philosophers of colonial-age Korea. A philosophy student and teacher-turned-journalist, Pak joined the South Korean Workers’ Party and moved to the North in early 1947, only to return to the South with a guerrilla detachment and die in a firefight with South Korean governmental troops two years later. For a long time, his legacy was taboo in both Koreas: in South Korea he was seen as a dangerous “Commie,” while in North Korea he was primarily remembered as a close political ally of Pak Hōnyŏng (1900–1956), a purged rival of Kim Il Sung. Only since the mid-1990s has Pak Ch’iu’s philosophical and journalistic legacy started to attract attention in South Korean academia, while in Anglophone Korean studies his name remains largely unknown. This article focuses on Pak’s methodology of dialectic, historically informed analysis of the contemporaneous sociopolitical and ideological realities, as well as his criticisms aimed at the nationalistic/fascist philosophies of totality. It also addresses his views on classical liberalism, and his trademark dialectics of new individuality, to be born in the crucible of the collective emancipatory struggles. This article aims to reconstruct Pak Ch’iu’s particular variety of Marxism which combined the application of historical materialism and Marxian dialectics with an unusually strong focus on the problems of personality and its interrelationship with the society around it, and also with an emphasis on praxis as the central philosophical category. In the concluding part, it attempts to define Pak Ch’iu’s place in the history of Marxism – and philosophical thinking in general – in the Korean and broader world-historical contexts.


Aktiv cristin-person

Vladimir Tikhonov

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Korea-studier ved Universitetet i Oslo
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