Cristin-resultat-ID: 1846840
Sist endret: 11. november 2020 10:39
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2020
Vitenskapelig oversiktsartikkel/review

Elaborating Models of eHealth Governance: Qualitative Systematic Review

  • Anne G Ekeland og
  • Line Helen Linstad


Journal of Medical Internet Research
ISSN 1438-8871
e-ISSN 1438-8871
NVI-nivå 2

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig oversiktsartikkel/review
Publiseringsår: 2020
Open Access


Scopus-ID: 2-s2.0-85094847851

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse


Elaborating Models of eHealth Governance: Qualitative Systematic Review


Background: Large-scale national eHealth policy programs have gained attention not only for benefits but also for several unintended consequences and failed expectations. Given the complex and mixed accounts of the results, questions have been raised on how large-scale digitalization programs are governed to reach health policy goals of quality improvement and equal access along with necessary digital transformations. In this qualitative systematic review, we investigate the following question: How is governance implemented and considered in the studies included in the qualitative review? Objective: The aim of this study is to arrive at informed and recognizable conceptualizations and considerations of models of governance connected to eHealth, as presented and discussed in the scientific literature. In turn, we hope our results will help inform the discussion of how to govern such processes to obtain collectively negotiated objectives. Methods: A qualitative systematic review is a method for integrating or comparing with the findings from qualitative studies. It looks for “themes” or “constructs” that lie in or across individual qualitative studies. This type of review produces a narrative synthesis with thematic analysis and includes interpretive conceptual models. The goal is an interpretation and broadens the understanding of a particular phenomenon. We searched the PubMed database using predefined search terms and selected papers published in 2010. We specified the criteria for selection and quality assessment. Results: The search returned 220 papers. We selected 44 abstracts for full-text reading, and 11 papers were included for full-text synthesis. On the basis of the 11 papers, we constructed four governance models to categorize and conceptualize the findings. The models are political governance, normally depicting top-down processes; medical governance, which normally depicts bottom-up processes; the internet and global model, emphasizing international business strategies coupled with the internet; self-governance, which builds upon the development of the internet and Internet of Things, which has paved the way for personal governance and communication of one’s own health data. Conclusions: Collective negotiations between the nation-state and global policy actors, medical and self-governance actors, and global business and industry actors are essential. Technological affordances represent both positive and negative opportunities concerning the realization of health policy goals, and future studies should scrutinize this dynamic.


Anne G Ekeland

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Nasjonalt senter for e-helseforskning ved Universitetssykehuset Nord-Norge HF

Line Helen Linstad

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Nasjonalt senter for e-helseforskning ved Universitetssykehuset Nord-Norge HF
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