Cristin-resultat-ID: 1887070
Sist endret: 12. november 2021, 08:48
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2021
Resultat
Vitenskapelig artikkel
2021

Later Stone Age human hair from Vaalkrans Shelter, Cape Floristic Region of South Africa, reveals genetic affinity to Khoe groups

Bidragsytere:
  • Alexandra Coutinho
  • Helena Malmström
  • Hanna Edlund
  • Christopher Henshilwood
  • Karen Loise Van Niekerk
  • Marlize Lombard
  • mfl.

Tidsskrift

American Journal of Physical Anthropology
ISSN 0002-9483
e-ISSN 1096-8644
NVI-nivå 1

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2021
Publisert online: 2021
Trykket: 2021
Volum: 174
Sider: 701 - 713

Importkilder

Scopus-ID: 2-s2.0-85100355294

Klassifisering

Vitenskapsdisipliner

Genetikk og genomikk • Arkeologi

Emneord

Genomikk • Steinalder

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Later Stone Age human hair from Vaalkrans Shelter, Cape Floristic Region of South Africa, reveals genetic affinity to Khoe groups

Sammendrag

Previous studies show that the indigenous people of the southern Cape of South Africa were dramatically impacted by the arrival of European colonists starting _400 years ago and their descendants are today mixed with Europeans and Asians. To gain insight on the occupants of the Vaalkrans Shelter located at the southernmost tip of Africa, we investigated the genetic make-up of an individual who lived there about 200 years ago. We further contextualize the genetic ancestry of this individual among prehistoric and current groups. From a hair sample excavated at the shelter, which was indirectly dated to about 200 years old, we sequenced the genome (1.01 times coverage) of a Later Stone Age individual. We analyzed the Vaalkrans genome together with genetic data from 10 ancient (pre-colonial) individuals from southern Africa spanning the last 2000 years. We show that the individual from Vaalkrans was a man who traced _80% of his ancestry to local southern San hunter–gatherers and _20% to a mixed East African-Eurasian source. This genetic make-up is similar to modern-day Khoekhoe individuals from the Northern Cape Province (South Africa) and Namibia, but in the southern Cape, the Vaalkrans man's descendants have likely been assimilated into mixed-ancestry “Coloured” groups. The Vaalkrans man's genome reveals that Khoekhoe pastoralist groups/individuals lived in the southern Cape as late as 200 years ago, without mixing with non-African colonists or Bantu-speaking farmers. Our findings are also consistent with the model of a Holocene pastoralist migration, originating in Eastern Africa, shaping the genomic landscape of historic and current southern African populations

Bidragsytere

Alexandra Coutinho

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Uppsala universitet

Helena Malmström

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Uppsala universitet

Hanna Edlund

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Uppsala universitet
Aktiv cristin-person

Christopher Stuart Henshilwood

Bidragsyterens navn vises på dette resultatet som Christopher Henshilwood
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Institutt for arkeologi, historie, kultur- og religionsvitenskap ved Universitetet i Bergen
Aktiv cristin-person

Karen Loise van Niekerk

Bidragsyterens navn vises på dette resultatet som Karen Loise Van Niekerk
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Institutt for arkeologi, historie, kultur- og religionsvitenskap ved Universitetet i Bergen
1 - 5 av 8 | Neste | Siste »