Cristin-resultat-ID: 1949320
Sist endret: 1. februar 2022, 14:58
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2021
Resultat
Vitenskapelig artikkel
2021

Low-temperature (-10 °C) curing of Portland cement paste – synergetic effects of 1 chloride-free antifreeze admixture C-S-H seeds, and room-temperature pre-curing

Bidragsytere:
  • Ahmad Alzaza
  • Katja Ohenoja
  • Isak Strøm Langås
  • Bård Arntsen
  • Minna Poikelispää og
  • Mirja Illikainen

Tidsskrift

Cement & Concrete Composites
ISSN 0958-9465
e-ISSN 1873-393X
NVI-nivå 1

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2021
Publisert online: 2021
Open Access

Importkilder

Scopus-ID: 2-s2.0-85118494140

Klassifisering

Vitenskapsdisipliner

Bygningsmaterialer

Emneord

CO2 emissions • Cold weather • Nucleation • Curing temperature

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Low-temperature (-10 °C) curing of Portland cement paste – synergetic effects of 1 chloride-free antifreeze admixture C-S-H seeds, and room-temperature pre-curing

Sammendrag

Cold weather drastically shortens the construction season in northern regions. Low ambient temperatures are known to have detrimental impacts on the reactivity and hardened performance of cementitious materials. This study therefore aims to assess the combined impacts of calcium silicate hydrate (C-S-H) seeds, binary chloride-free antifreeze admixture (i.e., urea and calcium nitrate), and short-period precuring at room temperature (23±1 °C) on ordinary Portland cement (OPC) paste-cured at -10 °C. The heat of hydration, setting time, compressive strength, freezing point, frozen water amount, hydration products precipitation rate, water absorption, and permeable porosity were investigated experimentally. The best results in terms of compressive strength, degree of hydration, water absorption, and permeable porosity were obtained when C-S-H seeds, antifreeze admixture, and precuring were combined due to their mutual impacts. In the absence of room-temperature precuring, C-S-H seeds additive and antifreeze admixture showed negligible acceleration impacts on compressive strength development of subzero-cured paste. The incorporation of seeds and antifreeze admixture decreased the freezing points of the binders and thus protected the admixed binders against frost damage, and their effects were more obvious when combined with a few hours of precuring. The compressive strength of 28 d-old OPC paste modified by C-S-H seeds and antifreeze admixture and treated with precuring developed rapidly at -10 °C, gaining 96% (75.1 MPa) of that measured in control paste cured at room temperature (78 MPa), with comparable durability properties and a significant reduction of energy consumption and CO2 emissions.

Bidragsytere

Ahmad Alzaza

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Oulun yliopisto

Katja Ohenoja

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Oulun yliopisto
Aktiv cristin-person

Isak Strøm Langås

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved SINTEF Narvik

Bård Arntsen

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved SINTEF Narvik

Minna Poikelispää

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Tampereen yliopisto / Tammerfors universitet
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