Cristin-resultat-ID: 1952193
Sist endret: 8. november 2021, 09:49
Resultat
Vitenskapelig foredrag
2021

Green hydrogen in Norway: from path dependency to path creation for more sustainability

Bidragsytere:
  • Antje Klitkou og
  • Lisa Scordato

Presentasjon

Navn på arrangementet: Globelics 2021 Conference
Sted: Heredia, Costa Rica
Dato fra: 3. november 2021
Dato til: 5. november 2021

Arrangør:

Arrangørnavn: Universidad Nacional Costa Rica

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig foredrag
Publiseringsår: 2021

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Green hydrogen in Norway: from path dependency to path creation for more sustainability

Sammendrag

We present the development of Norwegian hydrogen technology over the last 40 years and discuss the future outlook for this technology. The main issue of the paper is how the existing path dependency of the Norwegian economy has influenced this development and how new and more sustainable path creation has been enabled. Norway has a tradition for producing a high share of its electricity with hydropower. However, the economy is also very dependent on the production and export of oil and natural gas. As a consequence there have been two main lines of development: (1) from grey hydrogen based on natural gas towards blue hydrogen, also based on natural gas but complemented with carbon capture and storage – a key company is here former Statoil, now Equinor; and (2) the development of green hydrogen technology based on renewable electricity, such as hydropower and wind power, and the use of electrolysis to produce hydrogen – key companies are NEL Hydrogen and Hexagon. The interest in producing hydrogen has developed in waves: the buzzword of the “hydrogen society” was rather popular ten years ago and then a lot of interest was in fuel cell electric cars using hydrogen as a fuel. However, the instalment of hydrogen filling stations for cars and busses was very costly and slowed down due to low numbers of such vehicles. This development competed also with the development of electrical battery vehicles and the necessary charging infrastructure. However, the technology has developed further steadily, and Norwegian companies specialized in electrolysis and storage of hydrogen are now global actors. On the other side, the costs for carbon have now risen to a level that it makes it profitable to replace natural gas as an energy carrier for the processing industry in Norway as the example of Hydro exemplifies. This implies the use of the renewable electricity in Norway in industry and creating/maintaining jobs in Norway instead of exporting either electricity or hydrogen to Europe.

Bidragsytere

Aktiv cristin-person

Antje Klitkou

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved NIFU Nordisk institutt for studier av innovasjon, forskning og utdanning
Aktiv cristin-person

Lisa Scordato

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved NIFU Nordisk institutt for studier av innovasjon, forskning og utdanning
1 - 2 av 2