Cristin-resultat-ID: 1965538
Sist endret: 7. desember 2021, 12:40
Resultat
Vitenskapelig foredrag
2021

Implications of tradeoffs between fairness, effectiveness, efficiency and sustainability for COVID19 vaccine allocation: insights from Norway

Bidragsytere:
  • Hossein Baharmand

Presentasjon

Navn på arrangementet: EURO HOpe 2021
Sted: Helsinki
Dato fra: 24. november 2021
Dato til: 25. november 2021

Arrangør:

Arrangørnavn: Hanken School of Economics

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig foredrag
Publiseringsår: 2021

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Implications of tradeoffs between fairness, effectiveness, efficiency and sustainability for COVID19 vaccine allocation: insights from Norway

Sammendrag

In this study, we use a multi-objective mathematical model to investigate the COVID-19 vaccine allocation decision based on effectiveness, efficiency, sustainability, and fairness. We define four proxies for each objective based on literature review and discussion with decision-makers in public health authorities. Our proxies are 1) coverage of vaccine demands (effectiveness) 2) potential logistics costs (efficiency) 3) Co2 emission of potential logistics (sustainability) and 4) ratio of allocated vaccine to demand (with respect to priority group in each municipality). We solve the mathematical model based on the data for the first four-week vaccination period in Norway (January 4th to January 31st, 2021) considering three vaccines for high- and one low-priority groups (one for each) in three municipalities. As expected, analysis results depict that tradeoffs between demand coverage vs. costs are inevitable. However, results show that improving demand coverage would increase fairness, too; when the model allocates vaccines to high priority groups in all municipalities, the fairness score increases considerably. Sustainability remained the same in all alternative solutions though, as we considered very few municipalities and a rather short time frame in our experiment. We also compare our results with the allocation decision of Public Health Institute in Norway and show how our model could support increasing the fairness of allocation. This abstract is connected to the CONTRA (COVID19 Technology-based Responsive Action) research project funded by the Research Council of Norway.

Bidragsytere

Aktiv cristin-person

Hossein Baharmand

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Institutt for arbeidsliv og innovasjon ved Universitetet i Agder
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