Cristin-resultat-ID: 2006455
Sist endret: 28. februar 2022, 20:41
Resultat
Mastergradsoppgave
2021

Surface kinetics of BaGd1-xLaxCo2O6-𝛿 for use as an anode material in proton ceramic electrolyser cells

Bidragsytere:
  • Tord Svee

Utgiver/serie

Utgiver

Universitetet i Oslo, Det matematisk-naturvitenskapelige fakultet

Om resultatet

Mastergradsoppgave
Publiseringsår: 2021
Antall sider: 46

Klassifisering

Fagfelt (NPI)

Fagfelt: Kjemi
- Fagområde: Realfag og teknologi

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Surface kinetics of BaGd1-xLaxCo2O6-𝛿 for use as an anode material in proton ceramic electrolyser cells

Sammendrag

The main topic of this thesis is the surface kinetics of BaGdxLa1-xCo2O6-δ (BGLC), a mixed ionic electronic conducting double perovskite, with operation temperatures between 400-700 °C that shows potential for use as an anode in Proton Conducting Ceramic Electrolysers (PCEC). While showing promise the material is still limited by its surface reactions, notably adsorption and dissociation. To test the variation in surface kinetics with the ratio of lanthanides on the A’-site, five compositions with differing lanthanide content was synthesised with a sol-gel synthesis path: BGLC19 (BaGd0.1La0.9Co2O6-δ), BGLC37 (BaGd0.3La0.7Co2O6-δ), BGLC55 (BaGd0.5La0.5Co2O6-δ), BGLC73 (BaGd0.7La0.3Co2O6-δ) and BGLC91 (BaGd0.9La0.1Co2O6-δ). Acceptable phase purity was determined through X-ray diffractometry (XRD), the batches sieved into four different grain size ranges, with diameters of 63-45 μm being used for all later experiments. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis were applied to examine the morphology and determine the specific surface area of the samples. Pulse isotope exchange (PIE) and gas phase analysis (GPA) were used to examine the surface kinetics of the samples. The PIE data also allows us to extract the adsorption and incorporation energy of gas species from the total activation energy. Comparative measurements in 21% oxygen at 400 °C for BGLC19 with GPA and PIE resulted in surface exchange coefficients for oxygen of 6.8×10-5 mol m-2 s -1 (PIE) and 1.3×10-5 mol m-2 s -1 (GPA), with the difference being attributed to exchange rates in GPA being limited by gas diffusion in the chamber. An experiment was also performed with PIE on BGLC19 in 21% and 2% oxygen, resulting in surface exchange coefficients of 6.8×10-5 mol m-2 s -1 (21%) and 1.2×10-4 mol m-2 s -1 (2%) at 400 °C. The total activation energy E0 for oxygen exchange was lower in 2% oxygen (0.84 eV in 2% vs 1.1 eV in 21%), but with a slightly higher adsorption energy Eads (0.79 eV in 2% vs 0.62 eV in 21%). Measurements were also performed with PIE in 2% oxygen across compositions, with BGLC55 showing the lowest incorporation energy Einc for oxygen at 0.82 eV but with the highest E0 (0.91 eV) and Eads (0.92 eV) of the set. BGLC73 displayed the lowest values for total activation and adsorption energies at 0.62 eV (E0) and 0.69 eV (Eads). The highest surface exchange rates for oxygen were measured for BGLC19, BGLC73 and BGLC91 at over 1×10-4 mol m-2 s -1 , while the values for BGLC37 and BGLC55 were around 6×10-4 mol m-2 s -1 . 3 PIE experiments involving the exchange of water vapour were also performed on BGLC37 and BGLC91, with BGLC73 exchanging the most water up to 450 °C. With unclear data and very little to no D2O measured by the mass spectrometer, these experiments remain inconclusive.

Bidragsytere

Tord Svee

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Kjemisk institutt ved Universitetet i Oslo

Truls Norby

  • Tilknyttet:
    Veileder
    ved Faststoff elektrokjemi ved Universitetet i Oslo

Reidar Haugsrud

  • Tilknyttet:
    Veileder
    ved Faststoff elektrokjemi ved Universitetet i Oslo
Aktiv cristin-person

Ragnar Strandbakke

  • Tilknyttet:
    Veileder
    ved SMN kjemi ved Universitetet i Oslo

Vincent Thoreton

  • Tilknyttet:
    Veileder
    ved SMN kjemi ved Universitetet i Oslo
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