Cristin-resultat-ID: 2031480
Sist endret: 13. juni 2022, 15:41
Resultat
Poster
2022

Causes of death and cause-specific excess mortality after hip fracture. The Norwegian Epidemiologic Osteoporosis Studies (NOREPOS)

Bidragsytere:
  • Kristin Holvik
  • Christian Lycke Ellingsen
  • Siri Marie Solbakken
  • Trine Elisabeth Finnes
  • Ove Talsnes
  • Guri Grimnes
  • mfl.

Presentasjon

Navn på arrangementet: 26th Nordic Congress of Gerontology
Sted: Odense
Dato fra: 8. juni 2022
Dato til: 10. juni 2022

Arrangør:

Arrangørnavn: Dansk Gerontologisk Selskab & Dansk Selskab for Geriatri

Om resultatet

Poster
Publiseringsår: 2022

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Causes of death and cause-specific excess mortality after hip fracture. The Norwegian Epidemiologic Osteoporosis Studies (NOREPOS)

Sammendrag

Introduction: Hip fracture is a serious injury which affects older multimorbid patients and involves excess mortality. We aimed to describe leading causes of mortality through the first year after a hip fracture. Material and Methods: Hospital-treated hip fractures in Norway 1999-2016 were linked with age- and sex-matched population controls and the Norwegian Cause of Death Registry through 2017. Underlying causes of death were coded according to ICD-10 and grouped by the Eurostat shortlist. Results: Of 146,132 Norwegians with a first incident hip fracture, 35,498 (24.3%) died within one year. By 30 days post-fracture, external causes (usually the fall causing the fracture) were defined as the underlying cause for 53.8% of deaths, followed by circulatory diseases (19.8%), neoplasms (9.4%), respiratory diseases (5.7%), mental and behavioral disorders (2.0%) and diseases of the nervous system (1.3%). By one year post-fracture, external and circulatory causes together accounted for half of deaths (26.1% and 27.0%, respectively). For causes other than external causes, one-year relative mortality risks in hip fracture patients compared with population controls ranged from 1.5 for circulatory diseases to 2.5 for diseases of the nervous system in women. In men, the corresponding relative risks ranged from 2.4 for circulatory diseases to 5.3 for diseases of the nervous system. Conclusions: Hip fractures entail high excess mortality from all major causes of death. However, the traumatic injury of a hip fracture is the leading underlying cause of death the first year after the fracture, underlining the importance of preventing falls and fractures in older adults.

Bidragsytere

Aktiv cristin-person

Kristin Holvik

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Avdeling for fysisk helse og aldring ved Folkehelseinstituttet

Christian Lycke Ellingsen

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Avdeling for patologi ved Helse Stavanger HF - Stavanger universitetssjukehus

Siri Marie Solbakken

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Avdeling for fysisk helse og aldring ved Folkehelseinstituttet

Trine Elisabeth Finnes

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Sykehuset Innlandet HF
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Oslo universitetssykehus HF

Ove Talsnes

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Sykehuset Innlandet HF
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