Cristin-resultat-ID: 432549
Sist endret: 21. januar 2015 15:27
Resultat
Vitenskapelig artikkel
2003

Predictors and tracking of Body Mass Index From Adolescence Into Adulthood. Follow-up of 18-20 Years in the Oslo Youth Study

Bidragsytere:
  • Elisabeth Kvaavik
  • Grethe Seppolat Tell og
  • Knut Inge Klepp

Tidsskrift

Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine
ISSN 1072-4710
e-ISSN 1538-3628
NVI-nivå 1

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2003
Volum: 157
Hefte: 12
Sider: 1212 - 1218

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Predictors and tracking of Body Mass Index From Adolescence Into Adulthood. Follow-up of 18-20 Years in the Oslo Youth Study

Sammendrag

Abstract OBJECTIVE: To examine tracking of body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) from age 15 to 33 years, to examine the effect of adolescent and adult health related behaviour and parents� BMI and education on adult BMI; and to examine changes in life style factors as predictors of adult overweight and obesity. METHODS: A longitudinal study with 18 to 20 years follow-up in a cohort from Oslo, Norway (N= 485), mean age 15 years at baseline. Weight, height, physical fitness, leisure time physical activity (LTPA), smoking and education were assessed at baseline and follow-up. Parents� height, weight and education were assessed at baseline. RESULTS: Tracking of BMI from 15 to 33 years was high (r=0.54). Adolescent BMI, fathers� BMI, own LTPA, adult smoking and sex explained 44.1% of the variation in adult BMI. The odds ratio (95% confidence interval) of having a BMI of 25 or more as an adult was 0.07 (0.03�0.14) for lowest vs highest quartile of adolescent BMI. The corresponding OR of having a BMI of 30 or more was 0.02 (0.002�0.14). Those who increased their LTPA level between adolescence and adulthood had a lower risk of adult overweight than those with a stable low LTPA-level. CONCLUSION: Tracking of BMI from adolescence into adulthood was substantial. Changes in LTPA between adolescence and adulthood predicted the risk of adult overweight, suggesting that the foundation for adult body weight is laid during adolescence. Implications of this would be to emphasise physical activity among youths.

Bidragsytere

Aktiv cristin-person

Elisabeth Kvaavik

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Avdeling for ernæringsvitenskap ved Universitetet i Oslo

Grethe Seppolat Tell

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter

Knut Inge Klepp

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Avdeling for ernæringsvitenskap ved Universitetet i Oslo
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