Cristin-resultat-ID: 603198
Sist endret: 13. oktober 2016 13:09
Resultat
Vitenskapelig Kapittel/Artikkel/Konferanseartikkel
2004

The Servant of Isaiah 53 as triumphant and interceding Messiah : the reception of Isaiah 52:13-53:12 in the Targum of Isaiah with special attention to the concept of the Messiah

Bidragsytere:
  • Jostein Ådna

Bok

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig Kapittel/Artikkel/Konferanseartikkel
Publiseringsår: 2004
Sider: 189 - 224
ISBN:
  • 0-8028-0845-X

Importkilder

ForskDok-ID: r05005728

Klassifisering

Emneord

Tempel

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

The Servant of Isaiah 53 as triumphant and interceding Messiah : the reception of Isaiah 52:13-53:12 in the Targum of Isaiah with special attention to the concept of the Messiah

Sammendrag

The departures of the Targumic Aramaic translation of Isaiah 52:13?53:12 from the wording of the Hebrew text ? beginning with "Behold, my servant, the Messiah, shall prosper" in 52:13 ? are well known. What they reveal of the translator?s procedure and theology is, however, a debated matter. This study claims that the translator?s changes in favor of a triumphant rather than a suffering Messiah cannot be traced to any conscious anti-Christian motive. Neither can the translator?s procedure fairly be labeled as arbitrary reinterpretation or atomistic exegesis. Rather, the Targumist provides a unified and consistent interpretation of Isaiah 53 that does not differ substantially from his treatment of other parts of the book. Working between 70 and 135 C.E. and starting from the possible identification of the Lord?s Servant with the Messiah (cf., e.g., Zech 3:8 and Tg. Zech. 3:8), the Targumist becomes convinced that the prosperous and exalted figure in Isa 52:13can be none other than the Messiah. The change in the Hebrewtext from the third person singular in 52:13 to the second person singular in v. 14 ("many were astonished at you") further persuades him that all statements of suffering and death in 52:14 and 53:3?9 must apply to others than the Servant-Messiah (the Gentiles, the wicked in Israel, etc.). Hence, he is able to render Isa 52:13?53:12 in keeping with the typical Jewish view of a triumphant Messiah, who judges the peoples andthe wicked and rules over God-fearing and law-keeping Israel. The Targumist emphasizes the Messiah?s roles as temple builder (cf. v. 5: "he will build the sanctuary"), teacher of thelaw (cf. v. 5: "by his teaching the peace will increase uponus"), and as intercessor for Israel (cf. vv. 4, 11, 12). As an intercessor the Messiah follows the example of Moses to the point of being willing to surrender his life vicariously (cf. v. 12: "he handed over his soul to the death ?, yet he will beseech concerning the sins of many," with Exod 32:30?34). In thus uniting a multiplicity of eschatological roles in a single mediator figure, the Targumist proceeds by a way that has analogies in the New Testament, even though there the authors conceive the messianic office very differently.

Bidragsytere

Jostein Ådna

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Fakultet for teologi, diakoni og ledelsesfag ved VID vitenskapelige høgskole
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The suffering servant : Isaiah 53 in Jewish and Christiansources / edited by Bernd Janowski and Peter Stuhlmacher.

Janowski, Bernd; Stuhlmacher, Peter. 2004, Vitenskapelig antologi/Konferanseserie
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